To overcome this Data on the distribution of 2959 indigenous taxa dealt with in Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. In: Seyani, J.H. The flora is most diverse in open habitats, less so in forest, evergreen scrub, lakes, rivers, and in the open sea. regeneration status and IUCN threat level of the species are highly recommended. Getie Mucheye ABOUT THE AUTHOR Getie Mucheye is a botanist by specialization currently working as a Wildlife Development and Protection expert in Amhara National Regional State Environment, Forest and Wildlife Protection and Development Authority. In many, cases great care should be exercised in choosing between DD and a, threatened status. A shrub of montane slopes, growing at 2200-2400 m. A shrub that grows on sand and in rocky crevices on the banks of, An important medicinal species, this shrub is threatened by, collecting. 1 0 obj<> endobj 2 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 3 0 obj<>stream It is confined to, upland scrub and forest margins in an area where the majority of the. DD is therefore not a, category of threat. The present study was conducted in Hirmi forest, which is one of the dry forest in Northwestern, Ethiopia; to study the floristic composition, plant community types, community-environment relation, vegetation structure and regeneration status of the forest. gens, pollutants, competitors or parasites. Edwards, S., Mesfin, T. & Hedberg, I. wild is at least 20 per cent within 20 years or five generations, that it meets any of the following criteria (A to E), and it is therefore. Some of the medicinal plants considered as effective for the treatment of frequently observed diseases in the Ethiopia have been discussed [13][14][15]. If found to be a full species, its status would be CR, Growing in deciduous woodland at 1550-1800 m, this species, This shrub is only known from the type collection. Five plant communities were identified and positively correlated with altitude, slope, sand, silt, soil organic matter, total Nitrogen and disturbance. %PDF-1.5 %���� Criterion A relates to declining populations, ction in the area of occupancy or extent of, when levels of exploitation were considered, a threat to the species survival. Woody Species Diversity analysis was carried out by using Shannon Weiner index. It is a leguminous shrub found in semi-arid, bushland on sandy soils of Somalia and Ethiopia (0-600 m). The first global, trees worldwide indicated that around 8000. tree species are threatened with extinction. The plant community types and vegetation-environment relationships were analyzed using classification and ordination tools in R package (ver. species profiles for all threatened plants, recovery programmes for Critically Endan-, gered species, preliminary identification of, Important Plant Areas, Endemic Plant Areas, and Alliance for Zero Extinction sites (see, species in Ethiopia, both economically and ecologically. Widespread and abundant taxa are, A taxon is Data Deficient when there is inadequate information to make, a direct, or indirect, assessment of its risk of extinction based on its, distribution and/or population status. Local name English name Botanical name Family 1. There are 428 endemic and near endemic woody taxa in Ethiopia and Eritrea, of which 107 are trees and 321 are shrubs. The plant community types and A shrub of forest margins, secondary scrub and stream edges, A shrub of upland grassland and dry evergreen forest on the Mega, This tree species occurs abundantly in deciduous woodland and, montane grassland at altitudes of 1500-2300 m in the west of the. Endangered or even Extinct in a very short time period. plant species have so far been reported for use in Ethio-pia’s traditional herbal medicine, and about 33 of these species are endemic to the country [8, 9]. Named after their striking spear-like red and orange blossoms that bloom during the wet season they’re primarily appealing to bees and sunbirds. (eds) (2000). slopes at 900-1000 m. It is recorded from the El Siro waterholes. 2003). wild is at least 50 per cent within 10 years or three generations. Hence, the Institute strongly encourages carrying out researches on such materials within the country (Ethiopia) by working towards developing institutional capacities. Edible, the dietary intake of rural people during, consumption of wild plants is a necessary, part of the strategies adopted by people in. Timely actions from all the stakeholders will contribute a lot for the continuity of the forest. Species diversity Biodiversitas 21: 2878-2888. 500-1000 m on plateaux between El Mara and Mt Ello. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. The ethnobotanical study on edible wild plants was carried out from May to December, 2001, in four districts of Ethiopia. The species also has, A shrub that grows on slopes at altitudes of 3500-3600 m in, A small tree endemic to Harena forest, an Afromontane remnant of. of this document is gratefully acknowledged. A small part of the collected plants are used in the treatment of diseases, most of them are sold as crude herbs and mostly for domestic consumption. Furthermore, endangered, threatened and nearly extinct species are prohibited by Law from Export. birds. Anogeissus leiocarpa, Combretum hartmannianum, Ziziphus mucronata, Terminalia macroptera, Acacia polyacantha were the species with high important value. Gom Wheat Triticum aestivum Poaceae (Gramineae) 3. Conclusion: the study shows Hirmi forest has high species diversity, richness, and endemism. List of Illustrations Plants of American Origin Nature of Plant Substances Pictures ----- CLICK on < bot* > to view a picture: -----Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name (No Order) Aba Musa textiles, Musaceae. endemics or near-endemics is relatively high up to c. 1500 m, but the highest number is found between 1200 and 1500 m (where the total number of taxa is also highest). The study revealed that the study area composed of 300 species that belong to 239 genera in 96 families. soils, growing at altitudes of 1100-1900 m. This species is an understorey tree of moist montane forest, A shrub recorded from wooded grassland, seepage area, and r, This shrub is recorded from hillsides, gorges, roadside thickets and, A species that grows at forest margins and in grassland on open, A taxon is Extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that the last, individual has died. expected habitat, at appropriate times (diurnal, seasonal, annual). A shrub that grows in upland grassland, along roadside margins, A tree known only from an area of bushland between 1350 m and, 2100 m in Hararghe, the species is relatively restricted in distribution, but fast growing and under no present threat. 5. Surveys should be over a time frame appropriate to the taxon’, A taxon is Critically Endangered when the best available evidence, indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically, Endangered (see Section V), and it is therefore considered to be. London: Cassell. High rates of. vegetation-environment relationships were analyzed using classification and ordination tools, respectively. Currently 56 species are included, presented in this report provides significant, new information for inclusion in the IUCN, Ethiopia is one of the countries with the, destitution in the world. to lack of evidence of extinction for any, higher risk categories if they are known only, from a single or few localities, or they have. Ethiopia is one of the six plant-rich countries of Africa where about 60% of the plants are said to be indigenous and most of them with healing potential [10]. Found at Mega, Negelle, A tree of Afromontane forest, especially along forest margins, and, also in secondary formations. In this volatile region where insecurity is frequent, Ethiopia is a unique country with relative peace and stability. A species which is locally common on lava flows growing at 1000-, 1450 m in open deciduous woodland. This paper seeks to do that by focusing on the unique, countrywide, protest of the Muslim community, which started in July 2011, as an example. A shrub of rocky slopes at altitudes of 1800-3700 m. This shrub grows on slopes at 1500-1650 m. This tree species grows at the edges of montane forest and in, A shrub of montane forest and scrub-grassland, found at 1800-. 3.6.1), respectively. This document is presented as a contribution, Red list of endemic trees and shrubs of Ethiopia and Eritrea, omic and cultural services. Results of population structure of woody plants and regeneration status analysis in the forest revealed that the Forest was dominated by small-sized trees and shrubs indicating that it is in the stage of secondary development and there is a need for conservation priority for species with poor regeneration status. medicinal plants are also nearing Unfortunately, we do not have detailed Work is ongoing for the near endemic taxa (those also present in neighbouring countries, namely Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and/or Kenya) and trees that are used commercially. In order to collect vegetation data a total of 40 quadrats, each with the size of 10 m x 20 m at an interval of 100 m, were laid along the established transects at 200 m apart. New Forests 27: 215-227. A taxon in this category may be, well studied, and its biology well known, but appropriate data on, abundance and/or distribution are lacking. Unless otherwise noted, the list is that of iGoTerra. Mountains, where it grows at altitudes of 2100-3300 m. A shrub of montane bushland, growing at altitudes of 2000-3000 m. A shrub of river valleys and montane slopes, growing at altitudes of, Known only from the type, this shrub species grows in, This shrub occurs in high rainfall forest, often near streams, at, open woodland on slopes along river systems at altitudes of 1600-, 2200 m. Although found in an area heavily influenced by agricultural, activities and an expanding human population, regeneration is. Against government interference in religious affairs, calls for a nuanced understanding of project... Genera in 96 families agreeable taste and high nutritive value, Vol forest through introduction..., scientific names of ethiopian plants pdf, Sebsebe, D. & Hedberg, I defined below lava flows growing at 1000-, 1450 in... Freedom impacts the instability of Horn of Africa in general and Ethiopia particular! 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