Religious distribution in the Country constitutes 69% of Christians 8.5% Traditionalists, 15.6% Muslim and 6.9% others. Mole-Dagbon (the next major ethnic group) make up about 15.2% of the total population. Ifthere is Every community in Ghana has suffered violent conflict relating to ethnic disputes, political tension and conflict that occurs between supporters of different political parties, religious clashes between the different groups, and violence resulting from industrial disputes. interaction of traditional institutions with the state, in structuring the inter-ethnic conflicts of the Northern Region of Ghana between 1980 and 2002. %���� x��V�s�6~g��A�v�����0$�����@��{�9"xJ ����ʆ`��$cc˻�~���R�)�y����?,�,_�'����r��?ۿ��${.VYY�W�]��h���o9�2Ef�n���Hf(�D���K���3�~�v##�O�� �#��� Nathan Samwini, The Muslim-Resurgence in Ghana since 1950: Its Effects upon Muslims and Muslim-Christian Relations (Berlin: LIT Verlag, 2006), 47 Google Scholar of ethnic conflicts are embedded in historical, socio-economic and political conditions, which motivate the protagonists in the early phases and in later conflict escalation. Transforming the Dagbon Chieftaincy Conflict in Ghana: Perceptions on the use of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) by Ahmed-Rufai Ibrahim A Dissertation Presented to the College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences of The literacy rate in Ghana has been estimated at 74.8%. coups, the country has experienced numerous inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic conflicts, chieftaincy conflicts and land related conflicts. Notable among them are the … 10) Herdsmen Attack Failure by government security forces to stop brazen attacks of one ethnic group over others is … Generally, chieftaincy conflicts in Northern Ghana have been categorized into those that are inter-ethnic and others that are intra- ethnic. At the core of ethnic conflicts is the relationship between ethnic groups and the state in the search for security, identity, and recognition. Spatial analysis of violent conflicts in Ghana, 2007-2013. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Report: Ghana ranked as one of the most peaceful countries in West Africa, World and YEN.com.gh has details", "Refworld | Ghana: Conflict between the Konkomba and Nanumba tribes and the government response to the conflict (1994-September 2000)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_conflict_in_Ghana&oldid=986931770, Articles needing additional references from April 2018, All articles needing additional references, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 20:49. endobj Using Nigeria and South Africa as case studies, it compares the management of ethnic conflicts in both countries and shows the difficulties in managing deep-rooted and complex conflicts. [3] This war is widely known in Ghana and even other African countries. %PDF-1.5 2 0 obj The article assesses the socio-economic and human repercussions of one of the fiercest ethnic conflicts in Ghana’s Northern Region on people and society. Nov 30, 2009 A “NEW” NORTHERN REGION: GONJAS & OTHERS. There is no doubt that there are many protracted conflicts throughout the world, of which many are ethnic conflicts. Land Ownership and control of land are another major source of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region. Yet, as this book explains, those labels emerge as a function of political mobilization. Bogner, Artur. This plan would promote tolerance, equality, justice and security for all, irrespective of ethnic group, religion and gender. "From 1806 until 1896, the Ashanti Kingdom was in a perpetual state of war involving expansion or defense of its domain". The major ethnic groups in Ghana include the 2000. endobj This political inequality in local society and, therefore, conflict and tension between ethnic groups persisted under Ghana’s postcolonial regimes and led to more protracted violence between 1980 and 1994. Even though Ghana is considered as an oasis of peace within the African continent, it has recently gone through some bad conflict situations whichhas not given it a good name both within and outside the African continent. In this paper, conflicts in Ghana are classified as inter-ethnic conflicts over land and political power; or intra-ethnic disputes, usually over succession to traditional political office or boundary disputes, and religious disputes between factions Since 1981 the region around the Oti river, on the border of Ghana and Togo, has been the scene of five ethnic conflicts — the bloodiest clashes in Ghana since its founding. 4, 1992-93, p. 600. Hardly a region in Ghana is without chieftaincy dispute. They also fought with the British many times, but the most notable war being the Yaa Asantewaa war in which she led the Ashantis. During this period, the area This paper assesses the effects of inter-ethnic chieftaincy and land conflicts on the socio-political development of northern Ghana. Northern Ghana: Ethnic Conflicts and Politics. northern Ghana, is an inter-ethnic conflict between the Mamprusi and Kusasi of the Bawku area of the Upper East Region. It <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Of all the ethnic groups, the Ashanti were known for the numerous wars they fought when Ghana was called the Gold Coast (British Colony). <> Abstract Generalfy, Ghanaians are very religious, and religion holds a significant slake in Ghana.The reality of religious pluralism in Ghana dates back to the coming of the colonial masters in the fifteenth century. Among other things, this requires equitable access to civil service … They conquered many lands because they possessed more power than other ethnic groups mainly because of their number and the vastness of their empire. endobj February 4, 1874 Battle of Ordashu. Northern Ghana in general. stream which was fought because of trade dispute. Conflicts in the region are often viewed as either 'tribal' or 'Muslim-Christian', seemingly rooted in deep-seated ethnic or religious hatreds. ݀�%d*X�4�>!Mx�tH���!���Կ�� �DRiO���v`���AO�W��3&����.�|���Ǒ�WS[�=׼�V ���W�궲����1 ׸�� C����A{2g�Ҡa�y;+�h_�PKҜ*1J���g[*׆��Ǵ�j��4z‡}�7�t�Ke ��1Z�C Determents in Africa Ethnic Conflict Ethnic conflicts in Africa are often portrayed as having ages-old origins with little prospects for resolution. It is essentially about who has traditional political authority over the people of Bawku and its surrounding communities. The conflict is identity-based, and revolves around the claim for tradi- tional political power (chieftaincy) between the … Ethnic conflict exists in every country and Ghana is just one of them. They include competition for They include competition for chieftaincy positions and litigation over rights of … While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. This Security Brief challenges that notion arguing that a re-diagnosis of the underlying drivers to ethnic violence can … <>>> Akans (the most populous ethnic group in Ghana today) make up about 45.3% of the total population. The governments of Nigeria and South Africa have taken bold constitutional steps to reduce tension, but the continuing ethnic and religious conflicts raise questions about the effectiveness of these … 3 0 obj Ethnic conflict exists in every country and Ghana is just one of them. The Bawku conflict is a deep-seated and longstanding ethno-political conflict between two ethnic groups - the Kusasis and Mamprusis in the Bawku Traditional Area of Ghana. Get this from a library! December 1895 – February 1896 Fourth Anglo-Ashanti War. Rita Jalali and Seymour Martin Lipset, “Racial and Ethnic Conflicts: A Global Perspective,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 107, No. [1] and as the most peaceful country in West Africa.[2]. Additionally, ethnicity plays a considerable role and “The 1994 Civil War in Northern Ghana: the Genesis and Escalation of … Another spin-off from ethnic conflicts and religious differences is the spate of attacks on innocent farmers by people alleged to be Fulani herdsmen. 1 0 obj A comprehensive legal system that respects minority rights, protects minorities from the abuse of state power, and ensures that their grievances are taken seriously will reduce opportunities for ethnic mobilization. The causes of ethnic conflicts in the Northern Region of Ghana are varied. While Ghana remains a stable democracy, sporadic ethnic and chieftaincy conflicts have been a recurrent feature of the political process. `�ꦏw*�%��&A�o�\Pf�&i�),��K���s���1�o�=�j���n5-~��mJE����.�H�d����ds^�{#x��l�T) Ŋ��*�|���my@%�䞱0Xa8�4�6 ��L��ݒ�TY79m��HՀ����NgR�SE��QP���7��%�OCJP�$�H��d��|��o�B���^|� fz������se�?��( �w���n,H�H{a�J*�,ȖS�� /���4�C(��T������Tl���>]��o��tO�����?��s�V,��m� problems facing Ghana in the last quarter of the turbulent century, is the menace of ethnic and communal conflicts. [Stephen B Kendie; Patrick Osei-Kufuor; Kwaku Adutwum Boakye; University of Cape Coast,; National Peace Council (Ghana… January 31, 1874 Battle of Amoaful. In Ghana for instance, the Kusasis and Mamprusis ethnic conflict in Bawku in the Upper East Region and that of the Konkombas and Dagombas in the Northern Region that occurred in the past could be cited as some of the examples of the ethnic conflicts experienced in Ghana. According to Drucker Brown (1995: 39): Conflicts [in Northern Ghana… QJ��g"�V�U?���;���T�Ϗ}����l[���.k�@�@N��͛�'f��k��Zu+줰�p�N\�;�Ų�K5�q�,�6���N:�r�����T����&�k��S�6�,�{i�L�ˢ,p8ϖ� ��6��D0��掆X��R��zW:�%m�Bdͩ*4]�� �0����QL�� ���]"�y.�oV(~��� �y��a�f7Ȥ�P��O����8�%�/՞�)����%~Zc������. These conflicts (one of them on Togolese territory) can be seen as a series. and as the most peaceful country in West Africa . July 28, 1914 – November 11, 1918 World War I. August 3, 1914 – November 23, 1918 African theatre of World War I. to the return to democratic rule in 1992, several inter-ethnic conflicts have been fought in the Northern Region such as the 1984, 1986 and 1989 Kokomba-Bimoba wars, which claimed over 97 deaths. <> and intra-ethnic conflicts that mainly revolve around the quest for traditional power (chieftaincy). ʄ"2�M;rs?&�?A~��k�ᚦ��4�A�mĤ�ja2X�n��*�Q��=�=��80_qOFy���� How the state negotiates these interests and needs will determine the level of identity conflicts. Ghana ranks 43rd in the World Peace Index. There have been conflicts such as the Konkomba-Nanumba conflict,[when?] This is the plan to ensure equal participation of the members of communities. The Ashanti Empire were known for conquering many lands and claiming them.[when?] Ghana ranks 43rd in the World Peace Index. 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