The official term for this is ’endorheic’. It lies to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the vast steppe of Central Asia. Iranian Caviar uses natural waters from the Caspian Sea. Follow us on Twitter The water volume of the Caspian Sea is about 78,200 cubic kilometers (18,800 cubic miles). Because a quite big extent of the sea along the meridian the watertemperature is subject to sizeable... Ice motion. Bordering Azerbaijan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran, it is 760 miles (1,200 kilometers) long, 130 (200 kilometers) to 300 (480 kilometers) miles wide and has a surface area of 143,550 square miles (370,000 square kilometers) and is 92 feet (28 meters) below sea level. Pusa caspica, Caspian seals, are one of the most numerous and widespread of northern pinnipeds.They are only found in the world’s largest inland body of saltwater, the Caspian Sea, which is located in a small part of the Paleartic region, between the countries of Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhastan. Sturgeons, including the beluga sturgeon, the largest freshwater fish in the world, inhabit the Caspian Sea in great numbers and yield roe (eggs) that are processed into caviar. The middle section has depths extending to 190 meters (620 feet) with hills to the east and west. Since then smaller oscillations have taken place. This sea has no natural outlets. Sea Facts Water temperature. Data suggests notable increases in intestinal illnesses, tuberculosis and cancer are all higher in the Caspian area than in other parts of the countries surrounding it. a.facebook-find { As there is no natural evacuation of water, dams help control the levels. It became landlocked about 5.5 million years ago due to tectonic uplift and a fall in sea level. A number of fossils of human ancestors like Homo erectus have been recovered from the region around the Caspian Sea. The main prey of round goby is the Zebra mussels. It is Earth’s largest inland body of water, which makes it the world’s biggest lake. The first off-shore oil well was drilled there in 1820, and today, oil and gas production are the two biggest industries in the area, followed by fishing and tourism. Use our interactive map to navigate our fascinating planet and discover many interesting and fun facts for every country…, © 2020 Planet Numbers Ltd.   At that time, the Tethys Ocean was connected to the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, according to WorldLakes.org. The elongated sea sprawls for 1,030 kilometers (640 miles) from north to south, although its average width is only 320 kilometers (200 miles); max. Reptiles native to the sea include spur-thighed tortoise and Horsfield’s tortoise. The Caspian Sea is enclosed on three sides by Russia, Kazakstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan.The s shore forms the n border of Iran.It has been an important trade route for centuries. The maximum depth is 1,025 meters (3,360 feet) and average depth 211 meters (690 feet) below the sea’s surface. Facts of the Caspian Sea. Over 2,000 species of animals live in and around the Caspian Sea. These changes have caused major environmental problems. In Persian antiquity but also in modern Iran, the Caspian Sea is known as the Mazandaran Sea. Approximately 850 animal species and more than 500 plant species are represented in the Caspian. mi. background-repeat: no-repeat; It is the largest enclosed inland body of water, and thus sometimes referred to as a sea.Caspian Sea’s surface area is 378,000 km2 or 143,200 sq mi, and it boasts a volume of 78,200 km3. 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