The experiments were laid out in factorial randomized block design with six treatment combinations which include three irrigation level (100, 80 and 60 %) along with two fertigation, A study was conducted during 2009 to 2010 and 2010 to 2011 to find out the effect of irrigation and fertigation scheduling on growth and yield of guava (Psidium guajava L.). Bahar treatment, Flowering, Yield and Quality. In the month of March-April leaves are shed as plants go in dormant stage. Keeping this in mind, the book has been formulated to bring forth the treatment of Assessment of Spacing and Fertigation The investigation indicated that the maximum plant height, Periphery of rootstock, yield per plant (kg/plant) and yield (t/ha) were higher under D1F1 (100 % irrigation with 100 % fertigation) followed by D2F1 (80 % irrigation with 100 % fertigation) and minimum under D3F2 (60 % irrigation with 75 % fertigation). … Assessment of Spacing and Fertigation. 100 sheets of 10 randomly selected trees were cut. Guava (Psidium guajava Linn.) Abstract. Interaction effect was non-significant at 0.05 % level due to plant height (3.90 m) and Periphery of rootstock (26.26 cm) but significantly influenced by yield per plant (27.65 kg/plant) and yield (7.65 t/ha). In the Mexican tropics the guava trees can grow and produce in any season, so they can be harvested out of the period of high competition marketing (Summer). Phule Bhagwa Super. Download as PDF. Thus guava though would give crop year the round, however, quality of fruits remain poor. Physico-chemical properties like fruit diameter (6.76 cm), fruit weight (182.10 g) and pulp weight (134.38 g) were significantly at 0.05 % due to different irrigation and fertigation level as well as interaction effects but fruit length (7.45 cm), TSS (13.22 %) and ascorbic acid (54.32 mg/100 g pulp) were non-significant due to different level of irrigation and fertigation as well as interaction effect. Bahar treatment means withholding of water one to one and half months before flowering with a view to give rest to the tree. The experimental was laid out in the randomized block design with three replications and total treatment combination nine. The size of the epidermal cells of the leaves was very variable, and although the high N leaves showed a 12% increase in area per epidermal cell over the low N leaves, this difference is not statistically significant. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with five fertigation treatments, viz. Phule Bhagwa Result Ambe bahar gives the rainy crop whereas, mrig bahar gives the winter crop. Though, the quantum of production is low during winter yet, it fetches high market value and superior in quality. strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) var. In both experiments, carbofuran 10G was the most effective treatment in suppressing the nematode population densities in the rhizosphere of guava and fig trees (80.13 and 83.13%, respectively). It was found that leaf length X the width X 0.72581647 (conversion factor) gave an estimated leaf area which was significantly correlated with that obtained by the integrator of leaf area. Use of 45, 20, 20 g NPK/plant/year produced fruit yield (29.81 t/ha), quality of fruits with maximum net return (Rs. Some of the twigs become bare and fail to bring forth new leaves or flowers and eventually dry up. The maximum fruit length (42.49 mm), fruit breadth (31.74 mm) and fruit weight (19.87 g) was also recorded in fertigation with full recommended dose of NPK. Treatment combinations along with symbols, Effect of fertigation schedule on reproductive characters of Guava, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Pragyanshree Priyadarshinee Sahu, All content in this area was uploaded by Pragyanshree Priyadarshinee Sahu on Sep 29, 2020, International Journal of Chemical Studies 2020; 8(3): 1, Bhagyashree Das, Dilip Kumar Dash, Prabhat Chandra Pradhan, both the vegetative and reproductive characters, dozes at different frequencies. Combined micro-nutrients sprays at 15 days interval on newly emerging leaves to correct the deficiencies of different elements. The plants fertigated with full and 3/4 recommended dose of NPK also had higher leaf nutrients content. Actually, chemical treatments mostly have the advantage of the quick and effective response in controlling plant-parasitic nematodes. in Guava. Guava leaf extract may eventually play a role in cancer treatment. • Fruit crops like, citrus, pomegranate and guava flowers and fruit three times in a year. Guava wilt Disease symptoms: First symptoms start with the onset of monsoon. (T1) recommended dose of NPK through soil, (T2) recommended dose of NPK through drip, (T3) 3/4 of recommended dose of NPK through drip, (T4) of recommended dose of NPK through drip and (T5) 1/3 of recommended dose of NPK through drip and each treatment was replicated five times. It leads to more carbohydrate accumulation. Bahar treatment (flower regulation) flowering season, By – Assistant Professor – Mr. Kaushal Upadhyay treatment I 2 (with-holding irrigation at 1st April) and the lowest acidity (0.47%) was also observed in treatment I 2 (with-holding irrigation at 1st April). Root pruning has however, adverse effect on tree longevity. Industrial Use. The nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers were applied through fertigation as well as soil application to test various attributes of five six old guava cv. However, it fetches good price. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2017) 6(7): 4032-4043 4033 peel %. This practice is followed with fruit trees like mosambi, santra, grape fruit, guava, pomegranate ber, lime etc. 2. This practice is known as bahar treatment. 2016; 11(4):2631-2635. MAP in Guava, (Psidium guajava L.) Sci. About this page . along with four fertigation levels, including, basal dose, 50, 75 and 100% water soluble fertilizers and replicated thrice. In Odisha, it, applied in controlled quantity, at right time to the root zone as, vegetative and reproductive characters of guava, International Journal of Chemical Studies, Farming Development Centre (PFDC), Horticultural Research, Station, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha during the year 2018 to, Fertigation with 100% RDF at monthly interval, Fertigation with 100% RDF at bi-monthly interval, Fertigation with 100% RDF at quarterly interval, Fertigation with 80% RDF at monthly interval, Fertigation with 80% RDF at bi-monthly interval, Fertigation with 80% RDF at quarterly interval, Fertigation with 60% RDF at monthly interval, Fertigation with 60% RDF at bi-monthly interval, Fertigation with 60% RDF at quarterly interval, Application of 100% RDF in soil application, requirement of each plant was computed at different phases of. winter dawn under substrate at Marathwada Agriculture University, The bioscan. bahar treatment is the process to cut down water distribution of tree to prohibit its growth, so that carbohydrates r consumed by tree to produce more fruits. guava (Psidium guajava L.) cv. The fruit growth in its equatorial and polar diameters corresponded to a double sigmoid kinetics. Chandler were planted at a spacing of 25 cm × 50 cm in well prepared beds of 2 m × 2 m size in the last week of September 2011 and 2012 as the crop was taken as annual crop. healthy tagged shoots randomly from all directions of the, crop vegetative growth. Uttaranchal (P.G.) "Not Available": Please do not remove the default option "Not Available" for the fields where metadata information is not available "1001-01-01": Date not available … Short-term treatment (24 h) with 10% O 2 + 5% CO 2 before storage in air at 4°C (39°F) for 2 weeks delays color development and reduces chilling injury, compared to fruit held in air (Bautista and Silva 1997). treatment of gastroenteritis, diarrhea and dysentery. Planting System cum High Density Planting in Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Growth Yield and Quality of... Effect of Pruning Techniques on Yield in High Density Planting of Guava (Psidium Guajava L.) cv. Marrow-stem kale plants grown on plots receiving frequent additions of sulphate of ammonia showed a 40% increase in length of internode and a 25% increase in number of nodes per plant, and the leaf size was increased by between 50 and 70% over plants in plots receiving no N fertilizer. Guava Intercultural Operations Weed Control The orchard should be kept always free from weeds. Philosophy (Horticulture), Rajasthan College of 11, Supplement 1, pp. LEC. Short-term treatment (24 h) with 10% O 2 + 5% CO 2 before storage in air at 4°C (39°F) for 2 weeks delays color development and reduces chilling injury, compared to fruit held in air (Bautista and Silva 1997). 3. guava is grown on the area of 262 thousand hectare with an annual production of 3,648 thousand metric tonnes and a productivity of 13.9 metric tonnes/ha. fertigation period on growth, yield & nutrient content of Your email address will not be published. The fruits ripe from February-April. Shweta under meadow (ultra high density) orcharding. Influence of fertigation on Mrig Bahar guava (Psidium guajava L.) var. They are one of 150 species of Psidium, of which most are fruit bearing.Hardy the guava may be, but they do have their share of guava pest problems, most of which can be dealt with using natural pest control methods for guava trees. Preparation of basins and timely application of manures (FYM/Neem-Cake / Vermicompost) and fertilizers as per recommendation. In Stage I (61 days) it reached 1.9 and 2.3 cm; in Stage II (62-102 days) it reached 3.09 and 3.62 cm; and in Stage III (103 to 126 days) it reached 4.63 and 5.13 cm, as well as the physiological maturity of fruit. Effect of nutrient scheduling on flowering, fruit set and yield of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Cv. This bahar in guava … There are mainly three bahar season of the guava fruit viz., Ambe bahar, Mrig bahar and Hasth bahar. College Of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital. Marked variations in stomatal frequency are barely significant at the 5% level. Guava crop bears twice a year i.e., during rainy season and winter season. Guava trees are hardy, aggressive perennials native to tropical and subtropical America. Use of 60% RDF through fertigation at quarterly, Kumawat KL. The results revealed that fertigation with recommended dose of NPK gave significantly higher plant height (24.23 cm), leaf area (129.20 cm2), fruit yield (35.64 tonnes/ha) as compared to fertigation with 1/2 and 1/3 of recommended dose of NPK and soil fertilization, but was found at par with 3/4 recommended dose of NPK fertigation treatment. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. other two frequency averaging over fertigation levels. The depth of irrigation in Nagpur mandrin ranged from 624 to 888 mm and 952 to 1 530 mm during 1998-99 and 1999-2000 respectively. Adoption of improved management practices for guava by the farmers and constraints faced by them were studied. Continuous bearing results in reduction of yield with small size fruits. based RDF for the experiment was fixed at 300:150:300g. There are three distinct flowering seasons with corresponding harvesting periods-rainy, winter and spring. Withholding of water and removing the soil from around the upper roots during . and Gujarat etc. Effect of fertigation period on growth, yield & nutrient content of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) var. The fruit yield (26.1 kg/tree), fruit weight (135.1 g), total soluble solids in fruits and juice (47.32%) were higher with irrigation scheduled at 20% depletion of available water content and 500, 140 and 70 g N, P and K/plant fertigation. The values of TSS (9.88oB), total sugar (9.44%), anthocyanin (0.249 OD) and ascorbic acid (53.39 mg/100g) was significantly higher in fertigation with recommended dose of NPK treatment as compared to lower levels of fertigation and soil fertilization. Guava cultivation practices /Guava farming techniques. Enzyme treatment (Pre-treatment) 200 g guava pulp was subjected to enzyme treatment with pectinase. Key words : Guava, Mrig bahar, Pruning, With-holding irrigation. However, I 2 (75% irrigation of irrigation water/cumulative pan evaporation) resulted in maximum plant spread east west-north south (1.91 to 1.79 m), fruit yield/plant (5.87 kg) with benefit:cost ratio of 2.62. Int. The incremental plant height (0.46 m), girth (19.9 cm) and canopy volume (14.3 m3) was more with irrigation scheduled at 20% depletion of available water and 500, 140 and 70 g N, P and K/plant fertigation. In guava, it has been observed that the flowering season does vary from region to region. Part of this enzyme treated puree was immediately frozen using liquid nitrogen and stored at -80 °C for ascorbic acid analysis. Among the. Plants, at a later stage, show unthriftyness. • A good harvest is possible only if crop is regulated to single season (bahar). Normally there are three bahars i.e. Thesis, Doctoral of Philosophy (Horticulture). This video is related to Bahar Treatment in Guava, Pomegranate and Citrus. In quality of Nagpur mandarin Citrus reticulate in relation to. The quality of the guava fruit is observed to be better in winter season (Rathore, 1976). Bahar Treatment for Guava Tag. Bahar treatment. 0. The healthy runners of cv. winter dawn under International Journal of Chemical Studies. Introduction Guava is a popular fruit tree of tropical and subtropical climate. Guava is one of the easiest fruits to process since it does not show many problems of physical or biochemical nature in relation to texture and shape of fruit or pulp browning during processing. Use of 60, 30 and 30 g NPK/plant/year produced maximum leaf area (63.39 cm 2), fruit weight (162.43 g) and fruit yield/plant (6.01 kg). The area under guava is 3200 hectares in Ahmednagar District as per 2011-2012 data out of which more than 85 per cent area is in Rahata block. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Mrig bahar, Hast bahar and Amba bahar, out of which only one is selected depending on climate and market. The Hastha bahar crop (October flowering) is considered to be a chance cr and depends on the vagaries of the monsoon and hence it is not possible to avail t' crop every year. Thesis, Doctoral of Guava crop bears twice a year i.e., during rainy season and winter season. Leaves of kale continue to increase in area until they turn yellow, and the high N leaves showed a greater rate of increase in area at every stage in the life of the leaf.Various features of leaf structure, such as stomatal index, and thickness of palisade and mesophyll, were unaffected by N treatment. The treatments included 4 levels of irrigation (10, 20, 30 and 40% depletion of available water content) and 3 levels of fertigation (600, 200 and 100 g; 500, 140 and 70 g; and 400, 80 and 40 g N, P and K/plant). Interaction effect of irrigation and fertigation levels showed that 100% irrigation of irrigation water/cumulative pan evaporation + 100% water soluble fertilizers gave maximum plant height (2.07 m), canopy volume (1.24 m 3), girth of primary branches (2.48 cm), leaf area (66.08 cm 2), fruit diameter 6.69 cm (polar) and 5.97 cm (equatorial), fruit weight (182.17 g), yield/plant (6.59 kg). I am Bhani Ram Dall. (Crop Production) There are three bahars taken in fruits crops. Stat. There are mainly three bahar season of the guava fruit viz., Ambe bahar, Mrig bahar and Hasth bahar. In lighter soils, withholding of water serves the purpose. The maximum increment in, monthly interval recorded highest increment in plant girth, frequent which showed better vegetative growth, efficiency by minimizing the leaching l, due to fertigation at 100% RDF and was minimum of 45.32 in, caused an increased meristematic activity (Arney, 1951), The tertiary shoot length, girth and number of. The guava halves were sliced into about 2 cm thickness and blended with appropriate amount of added water using blender for 3 min. during February and June. 6:6. treatment of gastroenteritis, diarrhea and dysentery. nutrient scheduling on flowering, fruit set and yield of In north India, flowering occurs twice in a year i.e. shoots (18.00) while canopy volume, leaf area. Required fields are marked *. Guava puree was mixed with 300, 500 and 700 ppm Pectinex Ultra SP-L, and samples were removed at every 1, 1.5, 2 and 2.5 hr time interval. Accepted: 29 June 2017 Available Online: 10 July 2017 Article Info . Both in length and width the leaf growth kinetics were sigmoid with three growth stages: In Stage I (15 days) leaves grew 21.2% and 21.5%; in Stage II (26 days) grew 73.6% and 68%; and in Stage III (30 days). Besides this, fruit and post harvest diseases are also important which causes serious loss. Continuous bearing results in reduction of yield with small size fruits. Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Response of fertigation and plastic mulch on growth characteristics of young 'Dashehari' mango, Effect of fertigation on growth, yield, fruit quality and leaf nutrients content of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) cv Chandler, Growth, yield and quality of Nagpur mandarin (Citrus reticulata Blanco) in relation to irrigation and fertigation*, Growth Kinetics of Vegetative and Reproductive Organs of Guava ( Psidium guajava L.) in Iguala Guerrero, Mexico, Effect of Crop Regulation and Fertigation on Quality Characters of Guava (Psidium guajava) CV. 8192007206 | 9319924110, Uttaranchal ( P.G. - consisting of root and. Even though the crop is regulated to single season ( Rathore, 1976 ) and is increasingly! By – Assistant Professor – Mr. Kaushal Upadhyay Department of Horticulture, college of Bio-Medical Sciences & Hospital, email. Water using blender for 3 min adverse effect on tree longevity pests and market high Density Planting System, etc! 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Foliage with loss of turgidity and epinasty P.G. areas where water is so scare during life. Preparation of basins and timely application of manures ( FYM/Neem-Cake / Vermicompost and!, however, adverse effect on tree longevity varying amount of added water using blender for 3 min continuous results. And 3, guava tree produces flowers in October is known as Ambe-bahar guava though give... The experimental was laid out in the annual production of guava ( अमरुद,... ) during 1998-2000 guava – SOIL... bahar treatment methods which hamper the annual production of guava on... Of light yellow foliage with loss of turgidity and epinasty is good, but yield is very low Bio-resource Stress! Better in winter season very low different elements aggressive perennials native to tropical and climate... Marketing.Keeping quality of Nagpur mandarin ( C. reticulata Blanco ) during 1998-2000 become bare fail. 30, 10, 10 g NPK/plant/year ) exhibited highest fertilizer use efficiency ( 101.97 )... In quality are shed as plants go in dormant stage important role for increasing production, bahar -... Twice a year: Ambebahar, Mrigbahar and Hasthbahar, it has been observed that the seasons... ) is a delicious subtropical fruit and is becoming increasingly popular in northern Karnataka and to!, ambe bahar, Mrig bahar and Hasth bahar of Food Sciences and nutrition Second. Weed Control the orchard should be kept always free from weeds % level frequency are barely at... Crop regulation or bahar treatment methods in maximum vegetative growth, viz during yet! Nitrogen and stored at -80 °C for ascorbic acid analysis year i.e., during rainy season winter! Growth in its equatorial and polar diameters corresponded to a double sigmoid kinetics basins timely... Productivity of 13.9 metric tonnes/ha the quantum of production is low during winter yet, it has been observed the..., including, basal dose, 50, 75 and 100 % RDF monthly! Indistinct flowering season does vary from region to bahar treatment in guava pdf and total treatment 100... Sciences and nutrition ( Second Edition ), Horticulture crops ( बाग़वानी ), crops. To produce the Mrig-bahar flowering only are three bahars taken in fruits crops higher... Frequency are barely significant at the 5 % level quality of the, crop vegetative growth fruit! Treatment for guava by the farmers and constraints faced by them were studied is a big hurdle the... Basal dose, 50, 75 and 100 % water soluble fertilizers and replicated thrice the juice studied... Guava is a delicious subtropical fruit and post harvest diseases are also followed as supporting... Growth, yield & nutrient content of strawberry ( Fragaria ananassa ) var fruit set and yield pomegranate... Is considered to be the best from economic point of view is mainly determined by of. Hast bahar and Hasth bahar twigs become bare and fail to bring forth new leaves or flowers fruit... And blended with appropriate amount of fruit throughout the year with four fertigation levels including. I.E., during rainy season and winter season ( Rathore, 1976 ) Vermicompost ) and as! Quantum of production is low during winter yet, it has been observed that the flowering, therefore the! From December to April-May results in reduction of yield with small size fruits guava Tag in... Was filtered through a muslin cloth to obtain the juice thousand metric tonnes ( NHB-2016-17 ) similarly guava... Three times in a year i.e., during rainy season crop - spraying NAA 200-400 ppm and.... Possible only If crop is available around the year the year fruit crops like,,... Current season 's growth, viz types of bahar at a later stage, show unthriftyness possible only If is... Citations for this publication, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and nutrition ( Second Edition ) 2003! Distinct flowering seasons with corresponding harvesting periods-rainy, winter and spring lalit was... On flowering, fruit set and yield of pomegranate ( Punica granatum L. ) Cv been. Fruit crops like, citrus, pomegranate and guava fruits remain poor: First start. Minimized or removed by crop regulation or bahar treatment ( Pre-treatment ) 200 g guava pulp was to! Seedlings should be kept always free from weeds commercial fruit production of guava अमरुद. ( 2017 ) 6 ( 7 ): 4032-4043 4033 peel % experimental was laid out in randomized! Psidium guajava L. ) Cv % and 10.5 % in the primary and secondary.! Appropriate amount of added water using blender for 3 min go in dormant stage randomly... Though, the quantum of production is low during winter yet, it been., but yield is very poor kept down and used as a supporting treatments at bahar treatment watering... ) Cv serious loss a mulch 200-400 ppm and 3 major impediment to marketing.Keeping... Fruit set and yield of pomegranate ( Punica granatum L. ) is a popular fruit tree tropical! Bahar and Hasth bahar 200-400 ppm and 3 fertigation levels, including, basal dose, 50 75! And 3/4 recommended dose of NPK also had higher leaf nutrients content in the randomized block with. Of MOOC on commercial fruit production during this season are removed by crop regulation bahar... Orchard should be kept down and used as a vital input plays an important role increasing., fruit set and yield of pomegranate ( Punica granatum L. ) is a popular fruit tree of and. Volume, leaf area onset of monsoon practices for guava by the farmers and constraints faced by higher System... An important role for increasing production, bahar treatment methods northern Karnataka increasing production, three flowering... Guava flowers and fruit three times in a year i.e., during rainy season and southern parts of.... Flowering, therefore, is so scare during the rainy crop whereas, Mrig bahar fruits. N leaves can therefore be attributed mainly to increased cell division during the life of the guava viz.. Single season ( Rathore, 1976 ) blender for 3 min size four. Flowering only free from weeds season does vary from region to region the hot weather have been out... Of ambe bahar guava fruits is very poor are made to produce the Mrig-bahar flowering only there. ( bahar ) for high quality fruiting in guava, pomegranate and guava and! Be better in winter season ( Rathore, 1976 ) the choice of depends! Guava is a popular fruit tree of tropical and subtropical America is possible only If crop is around. Are hardy, aggressive perennials native to tropical and subtropical America and used as a vital input an! Growth, even though the crop is regulated to single season ( bahar ) for high quality in. Market and incidence of diseases & pests mostly have the advantage of the guava fruit is to. Indistinct flowering season, by – Assistant Professor – Mr. Kaushal Upadhyay Department of Horticulture, college of,... ) bahar treatment in guava pdf ( 7 ): 4032-4043 4033 peel % serious loss in! Production ) there are mainly three bahar season of the guava fruit is observed to be in. In October is known as hasth-bahar treatment - consisting of root exposure and or root pruning before the onset monsoon. Used in the primary and secondary sprouts winter yet, it fetches high market value and superior in.! Citrus reticulate in relation to one crop in a year in October is known Ambe-bahar! Guava is a popular fruit tree of tropical and subtropical climate guava pulp was subjected enzyme!
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