The social groups define the scope and extent of exogamy, and the rules and enforcement mechanisms that ensure its continuity. You can test out of the There are a few other types of marriage. Cross-cousins, the children of one’s mother’s brother (in a matrilineal system) or father’s sister (in a patrilineal system), belong to a different lineage from one’s own. Due to exogamy no hereditary diseases come to face. (common, the US we practice 'kindred exogamy' which avoids marriage with certain relatives, but also practice class and race edogamy) Endogamy. Exogamy, also called out-marriage, custom enjoining marriage outside one’s own group. Corrections? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Exogamy is a social arrangement where marriage is allowed only outside a social group. Marriage to someone outside of the kinship group. Mandatory marriage within one’s own group is known as endogamy. 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In some cases, the rules of exogamy may also specify the outside group into which an individual must marry. The origin of the rule of exogamy is to favor the union between different social groups and the concept began to be used in the middle of century XIX when the first observations of the phenomenon were realized in Australian tribes. Exogamy. Genetic exogamy is favored within some groups because it decreases the likelihood of genetic defects. As you finish this lesson, you should have gained the confidence to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. This restriction is prevalent in the Munda and other tribes of Chhota Nagpur of Madhya Pradesh. According to Folsom, endogamous is the rule that one must marry within ones caste or group”. This lesson defines exogamy and a few of the different types of group segregation that are still observed today. The importance of this foundation is to establish links between other groups. Members of a particular gotra or clan supposed to have close blood relation among themselves. Parallel cousins, the children of one’s mother’s sister (in a matrilineal system) or father’s brother (in a patrilineal system), are members of one’s own lineage and are often treated similarly to one’s sisters and brothers. Thus, the family which adheres to the rules of exogamy is known as exogamous family. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This is called exogamy In our society the prohibition applies' only to close blood relatives; one may" not marry a brother or sister, first cousin, or certain other close relatives. CLASH OF TWO RELIGIONS: EROSION OF INDIGENOUS SYSTEMS BY PENTECOSTALISM IN THE SHONA PEOPLE, ZIMBABWE. Omissions? Sapinda exogamy: Sapindas are the people from five generations from the father’s side and three or seven generations from the mother’s side. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? It is suggested that type 2 and 3 rules are applicable to American kinship whereas type 1 rules tend not to be applicable. Hence according to gotra exogamy one has to marry outside one’s own gotra. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. This was done not only to increase the number of their clan but also to form allegiances with larger or more powerful groups. Figures 1 and 2: Schemata drawn up by Bertin, who defines them in the following terms: The two schemata represent genealogical relations in different fashion. In this type of marriage, one marries outside one’s pravara. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Create your account, Already registered? Different theories have been proposed to account for the origin of exogamy. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Unilineal descent systems typically organize members of a generation into two broad groups. Once the time … The Tlingit Red Indians in North America have two moieties the Ravan and the Wolf which are exogamous. In the first sense, people within a rigid caste system prefer to marry people of the same caste. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. It is believed that exogamy left with the capture of women from neighboring tribes to gain more … While matrilineage membership was considered basically unalterable in some communities, actual practices probably allowed some flexibility. There are four rough categories of endogamy: caste, village, class, and lineage. If you look at the history of some royal/historically known families, their lineage provides a few examples of cultural exogamy. In India the inter caste marriages are not socially approved and discouraged hitter also declared the marriage of Aryan and Jewish as a criminal act. It also gives cultural and genetic reasons why this has been and may still be observed in a number of cultures. courses that prepare you to earn She was State Archaeologist of Iowa from 2002 to 2006. Similarly exogamous marriage may be divided into four sub-types such as Gotra, Pravar, Sapinda and village exogamy. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Did you know… We have over 220 college exogamy definition: 1. the fact or custom of marrying someone from outside your group: 2. the fact or custom of…. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Du Bois, Quiz & Worksheet - Harriet Martineau's Contributions to Sociology, Leisure & Community Involvement in Retirement, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Advantages of Distance Learning Compared to Face-to-Face Learning, Top 50 K-12 School Districts for Teachers in Georgia, Finding Good Online Homeschool Programs for the 2020-2021 School Year, Coronavirus Safety Tips for Students Headed Back to School, Congruence Properties of Line Segments & Angles, Nurse Ratched Character Analysis & Symbolism, Quiz & Worksheet - Factoring Quadratic Expressions, Quiz & Worksheet - The Pit and the Pendulum Theme & Symbols, Quiz & Worksheet - Soraya in The Kite Runner, Quiz & Worksheet - Hassan in The Kite Runner, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Argumentative and Persuasive Essay Topics for Teachers, Common Core ELA Standards | A Guide to Common Core ELA, Introduction to Business: Homework Help Resource, College English Literature: Help and Review, AP Environmental Science: Tutoring Solution, DSST Human Cultural Geography: Study Guide & Test Prep, Introduction to Research Methods: Homework Help, Quiz & Worksheet - General Prologue from The Canterbury Tales, Quiz & Worksheet - Product, Place, Price & Promotion in Marketing, Quiz & Worksheet - Working in Information Systems, Quiz & Worksheet - Types of Internet Communication & Social Media, Quiz & Worksheet - Structuring Paragraphs in an Essay, Adolf Hitler: Biography & Role in World War II, How to Get PMP® Certification Requirements & Eligibility, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Village endogamy occurs when people in the same village or town marry each other; sometimes this is done by convenience, since other partners may be difficult to find, especially in highly rural areas. This type of marriage ensures there will be at least one husband at home to do what is considered "men's work." Inter-caste marriage is a term used in Asian and Middle- Eastern countries for a marriage where the couple are from two social groups, e.g., different races, clans or castes. In many exogamous cultures, cross-cousins are viewed as ideal marriage partners. Visit the Intro to Anthropology: Help and Review page to learn more. The applicability of type 3 rules is shown in relation to the extension of exogamy in American kinship. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Being prevalent in most of the Western world, exogamy is the rule dictating that one … In other words, in exogamous family a person is required to select his life partner from outside his/her own group. Cultural exogamy has origins in groups or classes trying to maintain the survival of family lineage. 's' : ''}}. In endogamous, marriages with the same families are prohibited. Exogamy leads to national unity, solidarity and avoids ethnocentrism. (1) … Forms of exogamy: Gotra Exogamy: The Hindu practice of one marrying outside one's own gotra. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is EXOGAMY? first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. (b) Pravara exogamy: Pravara means siblings. The exogamy then began in the political arena, to strengthen the tribes with alliances with other peoples groups. For example, someone of Jewish descent may marry outside of their cultural endogamy to decrease the chance of their children having Tay-Sachs disease. Exogamy is usually defined through kinship rather than ethnicity, religion, or class. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. These are most often the locus of exogamy; marrying a member of one’s own clan or moiety typically constitutes a form of incest. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons All this can be presented in the following diagram. Endogamy is the practice of marrying within a specific social group, caste, or ethnic group, rejecting those from others as unsuitable for marriage or other close personal relationships.. Endogamy is common in many cultures and ethnic groups. Jesus Christ: it is most common among people who live in social studies, exogamy is the rule one! Decrease the chance of the selection of choice partner because of the first two years of and. 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