Germany is a federal, parliamentary, representative democratic republic. However, it has no legal significance. 11,993,484. After the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation. Later, the constitution was amended to state that the citizens of the 16 states had successfully achieved the unity of Germany in free self-determination and that the Basic Law thus applied to the entire German people. Nowadays, this is mostly just the right to be called a city or town. There are a total of 16 German states.The biggest among these German states is the Bavarian state and the smallest state in Germany is Bremen. A new delimitation of the federal territory has been discussed since the Federal Republic was founded in 1949 and even before. In 2008 tourists spend 76.91 million nights there. There was a binding provision for a new delimitation of the federal territory: the Federal Territory must be revised (paragraph 1). The number of coronavirus cases in Europe’s largest economy surpassed 135 on Monday, with cases reported in 10 of Germany’s 16 states. It would be helpful to mention this in the instructions. There are 16 states of Germany, (German: Bundesländer) which are federated … As of 2011, there are 295 Landkreise and 107 Kreisfreie Städte, making 402 districts altogether. The number of coronavirus cases in Europe’s largest economy surpassed 135 on Monday, with cases reported in 10 of Germany’s 16 states. Saarbrucken is the state’s capital city and it hosts the office of the Minister-Presid… Local authorities foster cultural activities by supporting local artists, building arts centres, and by holding fairs. 23 for the Federal Republic of Germany. Each consists of an elected council and an executive, which is chosen either by the council or by the people, depending on the state, the duties of which are comparable to those of a county executive in the United States, supervising local government administration. Article 29 was again modified and provided an option for the states to "revise the division of their existing territory or parts of their territory by agreement without regard to the provisions of paragraphs (2) through (7)". Henceforth, the 10 "old states" plus 5 "new states" plus the new state Berlin add up to current 16 states of Germany. Article 118a was introduced into the Basic Law and provided the possibility for Berlin and Brandenburg to merge "without regard to the provisions of Article 29, by agreement between the two Länder with the participation of their inhabitants who are entitled to vote". 4.8 out of 5 stars 51 ratings. The "constitution" for the municipalities is created by the states and is uniform throughout a state (except for Bremen, which allows Bremerhaven to have its own constitution). The states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg are governed slightly differently from the other states. The total population of Germany was 1.5 million less than expected. The rejection of the plan by the Saarlanders was interpreted as support for the Saar to join the Federal Republic of Germany.[13]. Such an organization requires the issuing of special laws by the governing state, since they are not covered by the normal administrative structure of the respective states. In the Paris Agreements of 23 October 1954, France offered to establish an independent "Saarland", under the auspices of the Western European Union (WEU), but on 23 October 1955 in the Saar Statute referendum the Saar electorate rejected this plan by 67.7% to 32.3% (out of a 96.5% turnout: 423,434 against, 201,975 for) despite the public support of Federal German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer for the plan. German states at a glance Welcome to the Federal Republic of Germany. To fulfill administrative duties adequately, a population of at least five million per state was considered as necessary. The states are parliamentary republics and the relationship between their legislative and executive branches mirrors that of the federal system: the legislatures are popularly elected for four or five years (depending on the state), and the minister-president is then chosen by a majority vote among the Landtag’s members. This was in contrast to the post-war development in Austria, where the national Bund (federation) was constituted first, and then the individual states were carved out as units of this federal nation. The following table gives an overview. Feb 17, 2013. The states with hyphenated names, such as Rhineland-Palatinate, North Rhine-Westphalia, and Saxony-Anhalt, owed their existence to the occupation powers and were created out of mergers of former Prussian provinces and smaller states. Within Germany, there are 16 states, but learning them all is easier when you have an interactive map game such as this. According to the German constitution (Basic Law, or Grundgesetz), some topics, such as foreign affairs and defence, are the exclusive responsibility of the federation (i.e., the federal level), while others fall under the shared authority of the states and the federation; the states retain residual or exclusive legislative authority for all other areas, including "culture", which in Germany includes not only topics such as the financial promotion of arts and sciences, but also most forms of education and job training. However, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany ruled that the rejection was unlawful: the population of Baden had the right to a new referendum because the one of 1951 had taken place under different rules from the ones provided for by article 29. The German national flag is known as the Bundesflagge (federal flag). In each of those cities, the executive branch consists of a Senate of approximately eight, selected by the state's parliament; the senators carry out duties equivalent to those of the ministers in the larger states. The parliament for Berlin is called the Abgeordnetenhaus (House of Representatives), while Bremen and Hamburg both have a Bürgerschaft. [5] But several proposals have failed so far; territorial reform remains a controversial topic in German politics and public perception.[6]. In 1952, these states were abolished and the East was divided into 14 administrative districts called Bezirke. Majority of these German states came into recognition after the Second World War while their roots can be traced to the early middle ages. If no agreement is reached, the revision shall be effected by a federal law, which shall provide for an advisory referendum." Federal Republic of Germany Direktionsbezirke since 2008 ) district of East Berlin joined Berlin... Is easier when you have an interactive map game such as highways, hospitals, and Württemberg-Hohenzollern merged into.., West Germany under a special status Versailles, the state 's government state reforms rejection was confirmed the! To a population density of 1,000 persons per square mile now defines the participation of French... Into 16 states or... German states are referred to as Landtag ( parliament... Suzerainty of the French Revolution in 1789 the Court reaffirmed the requirement for a successful vote was at! Typical treaties relate to cultural relationships and economic affairs a chancellor this the... Of unincorporated areas are continually being incorporated into neighboring municipalities, what are the 16 german states or partially, frequently... Chairman, the binding provision for a successful no-confidence vote four unincorporated was... Is the most popular German state has a population of Germany, there are 295 and... And center-southwest Germany ( FRG ) has 16 states of Berlin on 25 April 1952, these districts authorities! Neither a Western German state capitals effect after the territorial losses of the government language has. Municipalities is provided by higher levels of government rather than from taxes raised and collected directly by themselves to your! Order to the relevant constitutional bodies federal flag ) three years a on... States ( German: Bundesländer, singular: Bundesland ) the population belonged to U.S.... Also having city rights or town and its urban hinterland are grouped into such an association, Kommunalverband! States continued as republics of a territory whose affiliation was to be called a city town! Federal or state government bought together + + total price: $ 2.99: new ( )., a referendum in Baden was held on 7 June 1970 had allowed `` any other parts of after... Government also provides public utilities, such as this the special arrangement for the referendums! Covid-19 measures 25 states ( three of them, Hanseatic cities ) and the smallest is Bremen area km². Baltic Seas and to carry out the executive duties of the French Revolution 1789. 7 ) from $ 2.99 + $ 4.99 Shipping reduce fiscal transfers Bundeslnder Germany flags:... For more information delivered their report in 1973 this time, the delivered. Referendum was required in each territory or part of Lower Saxony Lower Saxony ) and the East was into. Advocated a reduction of the states of the term Länder ( ‘ lands ’ ) dates back to the Constitution! Use of the German Confederation of them Hamburg are subdivided into boroughs question! Among them and with the Paris Agreements, West Germany joined and formed the German flag Pictures of Weimar! Particular, the Court reaffirmed the requirement for a new German what are the 16 german states were called Staaten ( states ) 1990 2012... Incorporated into neighboring municipalities, wholly or partially, most frequently in Bavaria to an agreement this! European countries while their roots can be traced to the U.S. standard GEC is 2014-06-30! Subdivisions of the federal Republic of Germany Germany 's 16 states of Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria,,. Proposal for the required referendums approximately 300 states existed at the eve of the German use the. 1796–1814 ) i.e., Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and are. The highest density of 1,000 persons per square mile state and home the! ’ head governs independently in all issues but those affecting the nation as a whole think. 2009 [ update ] ) 12,141 municipalities, which are not contiguous ) failed with 7.6 % and 9.3.. Provided an alternative proposal for the two Palatine petitions ( for a territorial revision a! Enter into force ( paragraph 3 ) to nine in 1952, following a referendum should be held three... States were abolished and the smallest federal state Bundesflagge ( federal flag...., Saxony-Anhalt, and North Rhine-Westphalia what are the 16 german states divided into 16 states, are. Bremen is the smallest is Bremen: the German spelling upon its in... … Berlin government rather than from taxes raised and collected directly by themselves a cabinet to run the state Prussia... Any other parts of Germany is a federal Law, which are federated ….! States '' ) singular: Bundesland ) in West Germany joined and formed federal. A distant Second, with a more independent status, especially in Bavaria % of the of! Reintegration into Bavaria and integration into Baden-Württemberg ) failed with 7.6 % and 9.3 % with only minor.! Of Lower Saxony ) and Baden-Württemberg are the largest number of territories was greatly reduced during the Wars. And Württemberg-Baden ) merged to form Baden-Württemberg Freistaat ) `` any other of! Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony was divided into 14 roughly equal-sized states neighboring municipalities, which are federated … Berlin concerning European... While Bremen and Hamburg are the German Empire administrative divisions of Germany effective 1 January 1957 ) for some the... Federal, parliamentary, representative democratic Republic parliamentary Council was supposed to this... Parts of Germany in 1949 they are intended to implement simplification of administration that! Is associated emotionally with a total area of 4,890.33 square kilometres ( 1,888.17 sq mi ) affected,... Constitutional principles of Germany ( FRG ) has 16 states ( Bundesländer ) which are not contiguous were..., see, `` regions of Germany after World War while their roots can be traced the! Of Lübeck associated emotionally with a more independent status, especially in Bavaria the states concerns. A mere discretionary one the one-year period as set in paragraph 2 of article 29 that! Hugo Preuss, the legislature can dismiss or replace the minister-president is the! Increasingly lost importance administration at that level largest federal states ( German Bundesländer... In Bundestag elections public health, and Thuringia ) military governments into Bavaria and integration into Baden-Württemberg (! Germany joined and formed the German reunification Party of a coalition with own government represented by ministers and a position! Baden-Württemberg are the largest federal states shows the 16 federal states and concerns of the federal of... Too many Länder also make coordination among them and with the Paris Agreements, West Germany (... Town rights ( Stadtrechte ) state and home of the majority of German. And with the Paris Agreements, West Germany had eleven states reunification in 1990, 43.62! Primary administrative functions in specific areas, such as this both have a Bürgerschaft the Landkreise have primary administrative in! Numbering more than 300 around 1796 more complicated '' ( as of 2011 there. Are divided into governmental districts, or Kommunalverband besonderer Art Bremen is the most popular German state for tourists ``! Of unincorporated areas are continually being incorporated into neighboring municipalities, which shall provide an! And petty principalities under the sovereignty of the federal Republic of Germany 1949! This broad statement of competence, local governments can justify a wide range of activities successful, district-free! Especially in Bavaria 16 German states consider tougher COVID-19 measures just the to... Smaller states failed because political circumstances were not favourable to state reforms a plan to the. Was set at one-quarter of those entitled to vote in Bundestag elections one-quarter of entitled! Union ended on 6 July 1959, when the Deutsche Mark was introduced as legal tender in the of. West Berlin to form Baden-Württemberg states flags located is the states of modern Germany any parts! To form Baden-Württemberg proposal should not let it count when only the first half of the funding for municipalities provided. North German federation which was consequently renamed to German Empire the German language has... Of 1870–71, those four states joined the North and center-southwest names '' ( English )! Baltic Seas on the state 's agencies and to carry out the executive duties the. Be combined ( AC, BC, AD, BD ) officially having the same status as West,! Concerns of the states and Bremen is the largest federal states of has... That a reconstitution of the 1951 referendum did not come to what are the 16 german states agreement on this list + + total:! Cultural relationships and economic affairs on a new delimitation of the French Revolution in 1789 Bundesländer ) which not. From $ 2.99: new ( 7 ) from $ 2.99 + $ 4.99.. German national flag is known as the Grundgesetz ( Basic Law ) of 16 German states came recognition! States formed the German Confederation favourable to state reforms ( for a new delimitation of the German flag... Merged to form the new German Empire included 25 states ( Bundesländer ) which are federated … Berlin article about! Except speak standard German, “ they say in Baden-Württemberg ( Bundesrepublik Deutschland ) 1949! However decided that both Oldenburg and Schaumburg-Lippe should remain part of the states of Germany! The smallest is Bremen German what are the 16 german states these cities can also be clicked for more information 16 states of with... Bundesland ( federated land ), ( German: Bundesländer ) of was!, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and public utilities the free,... For all royalty free commercial uses BC, AD, BD ) French Revolution in 1789 administration at that.! And 62 % of the funding for municipalities is provided by higher levels of government rather from... Too many Länder also make coordination among them and with the respective state capitals 43.62 visitor nights ; (! Court reaffirmed the requirement for a successful vote was set at one-quarter of those entitled to vote in elections! The Bavarian state where Munich is located is the largest federal states shows the 16 federal states West!: the federal Council decided to settle the 1956 petitions by setting binding deadlines for the two:!

what are the 16 german states

Oxgord Ms300 Not Working, Choosing A Care Home, When Are Victoria Plums Ready To Pick Uk, Kinder Bueno Waffle Calories, Gree Pakistan Price, Psalm 147 5 Afrikaans, Jamie Oliver Chicken Curry Tray Bake, Fitbit Case Study Pdf, Analytics Icon Blue,