The southern right whale is a baleen whale and one of three species classified as right whales. Southern Right Whales became a protected species in 1935 from commercial Whaling. It’s the best part of Dr Els Vermeulen’s year: three days, up in an Airbus ECI20B, counting southern right whales in South Africa’s coastal waters. Length Adults: 14m to 18m; Calves: 5m to 6m at birth, Weight Adults: up to 80 tonnes; Calves: 1 to 1.5 tonnes at birth, Physical maturity age: unknown; Length: 16m, Blow pattern: V-shaped bushy blow, up to 5m. But we’re now looking at issues not as easily solved as whaling,” she says. Established in 1985, the MRI Whale Unit is a global, African research, conservation and education facility that researches the ecology, population dynamics and behaviour of the diverse cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) in the Southern African sub-region and surrounding oceans, with the principal objective of providing knowledge that will promote their conservation. Material may not be published or reproduced in any form without prior written permission. Southern right whale breeding success in both Argentina and Brazil has been correlated with changes in sea surface temperature at feeding grounds in the South Atlantic [26,27], therefore fidelity to feeding grounds that may be sub-optimal could limit population recovery. Image:Mandy Watson The Southern Right Whale is Australia’s only inshore large whale species and was almost hunted to extinction. The Whale Unit at the University of Pretoria’s Mammal Research Institute (MRI) will be conducting this year’s aerial survey of southern right whales from 28 September to mid-October. This year, 136 females and calves (68 pairs) were counted and photographed and “extremely low” numbers of 29 adult whales without a calf, bringing the total to 165. According to whalers’ records—incomplete at best—they had flensed 38,000 southern right whales in the South Atlantic, 39,000 in the South Pacific, 1300 in the Indian Ocean and 15,000 in the North Pacific, all before the global ban on whaling the species in 1935. Today this whale’s numbers are increasing and its status is Least Concern (LC) on the list of threatened species. Southern right whales (Eubalaena australis)are typically black in colour but can have irregular white patches. Their breeding areas are often close to shore, off southern South America, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand and various temperate and sub Antarctic islands. Sadtu says Motshekga bowed to pressure from Umalusi to allow... What works and doesn’t once you have Covid-19, A glimpse into the future of government propaganda. Similar trends are being recorded in South America and Australia. Newborn: length 4.5-6 m Adult: length 11-18 m Fluke of Southern Right whale. Its two separate blow holes produce a distinguishing V-shaped blow. Regional (southern African) abundance is estimated at just over 6000 individuals, with a global population size of just under 15000 individuals. While their calving and nursing grounds are generally located in shallow bays and nearshore waters on the continental shelf, all three species are thought to feed in productive offshore waters at high latitudes2. The Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis) is a large, rotund baleen whale, up to 80 tonnes in weight and 18 metres long. Photo taken with zoom lens. It’s considered a sentinel species for climate change. They used to be a significant part of our eco-system until the population was decimated by whaling in the 18th century. Now it is time to expand this access, In its latest policy documents, the ANC is self-critical and wants ‘consequence management’, yet it’s letting its members off the hook again, The findings have wide relevance, from learning more about African history and migration to specific variants of people’s health, The minister of environment, forestry and fisheries, likes to watch the British medical drama series Casualty, she tells Sheree Bega, The climate policies of both parties are constrained because they are far too wedded to the neoliberal economic systems, KZN’s premier has tried to intervene by offering South Africans preferential access to jobs, but foreign drivers say locals don’t want the work, Allegations of bribery against the bank’s chief executive, Jacques Celliers, thrown up in a separate court case, The teachers union and several learners will appear before the Pretoria high court on Thursday, where they will ask that Motshekga’s decision for a national rewrite of two leaked matric exams be set aside, Stephanie Frappart is doing her bit to normalise the phenomenon of women match officials in male-dominated sports, Myths abound about what works and doesn’t once you have contracted the virus. Southern right whales were hunted almost to extinction in the 1800s. They have even been known to swim into the surf zone, but are not known to strand. Southern rights have an enormous head which is up to one quarter of total body length. Unfortunately, the population is still at a fraction of its original population to what it was. This year saw the successful birth of two Southern Resident killer whale calves, increasing the population to 74. You can spot them off the shore of a beach, on a boat or venture into a NSW national park. Numbers have recovered slightly, thanks to protection, but the Australian population of southern right whales still stands at … “It’s worrying because southern right whales have come back from the brink. Researcher Els Vermeulen has a whale of a time conducting an annual aerial survey of the country’s southern right whales. — Simon Woolf (@WoolfSimon) July 4, 2018. All material © Mail & Guardian Online. Commercial whaling began in Australia in 1820, taking around 75% of the southern right whale population between 1835 and 1845, when the industry collapsed. However, their numbers are growing at around 7% per annum, which means that sightings are becoming increasingly common, which is all the better for whale watchers! An estimated 12,000 southern right whales are spread throughout the southern hemisphere, compared to an original population before whaling of more than 100,000. The southern hemisphere population (Southern Right Whales) was estimated at 55,000–70,000 individuals in 1770, but is believed to have dropped to only 300 by the 1920s. Southern Right Whale and calf. The southern right whale dolphin (Lissodelphis peronii) is a small and slender species of mammal, found in cool waters of the Southern Hemisphere.It is one of two species of right whale dolphin (genus Lissodelphis).This genus is characterized by the lack of a dorsal fin. However, their numbers are growing at around 7% per annum, which means that sightings are becoming increasingly common, which is all the better for whale watchers! The Ethiopian government has created its own ‘fact-checking’ unit — and it is not the only government to do so. The population is slowly increasing by 7 percent per year. As the second wave engulfs the country here is what specialists have to say. The southern right whale spends summer in the far Southern Ocean feeding, probably close to Antarctica. The Southern Right Whale has circumpolar distribution in the Southern Hemisphere occurring between latitudes of approx. “We go down for 150m for the photos; for the search, we go up to 300m above sea level.”. The number, shape and position of the callosities are unique to each individual whale, and allow us to tell them apart. It took another 90 years before they were officially protected. 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