She is known as a woman who was accepting of being married off to her cousin, loyal to her cheating husband, poised in the face of accusations and fiercely protective of her children. The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts. The Epic of Gilgamesh Unveiled: Searching For a Way to the Home Planet, The stunning yet mysterious Lady of Elche, Carcassonne: Europe’s Largest Medieval Fortified City Was Defended by Straw Soldiers. By this time, both parties were growing weary of the war and sought to negotiate peace. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe. Margaret Theresa of Spain: Life. King Lycaon of Arcadia – The First Werewolf? Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. However, the Grand Dauphin was passed over as he was at the time the heir apparent to the … An account in the Daily Mail says that based on their new observations the researchers detected a correlation between mandibular prognathism and maxillary deficiency which suggests a shared genetic basis, and that Habsburg jaw should be considered to cover both conditions. As a result of the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire , cacao was introduced into Europe. Maria Theresa died at the age of 45 on the 30 th of July 1683, after returning from a tour of Burgundy and Alsace. The Nephilim: Giant Offspring of the Sons of God and the Daughters of Man? The Fall of Tenochtitlan - Truly the End of the Aztec Empire? At his death, his body didn't contain any blood, his heart was the size of a peppercorn and his head full of water. The turn of the nose may be the most telling facial feature of the person, and to confuse us about it does not seem accidental. I believe that intellectual engagement by advocates from both ends of the spectrum would serve to... Read More. Balthasar was betrothed to his cousin, Mariana of Austria. The cause of the proposed relationship between inbreeding and the Habsburg jaw remains unclear but the team speculated that mating occurring between relatives increases the likelihood of children inheriting two identical forms of one gene, which in effect ‘lowers’ their overall genetic fitness making these children susceptible to extreme recessive traits. More than two decades later, a team of... Carcassonne is Europe’s largest fortified city that still stands today. Naupa Iglesia: An Egyptian Portal in the Andes? What Treasures Were Lost in the Destruction of the Great Musaeum of Alexandria? Inbreeding Linked with Severe Facial Deformations Having analyzed the levels of facial deformity in 66 portraits of 15 members of the Habsburg family, lead researcher and geneticist, Roman ... Margaret Theresa of Spain, Diego Velázquez, and Mariana of Austria. “Habsburg jaw”, according to the team of researchers, was a prominent facial deformity that affected the European royal family after 200 years of inbreeding and until this study it hadn’t been clear whether the family's characteristic jawline had been the result of inbreeding or not. The Interesting History of Chocolate and Maria Theresa. Further to this, the teams were tasked with analyzing seven features of so-called ‘maxillary deficiency’ which causes a prominent lower lip and overhanging nose. Maria Antonia married Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria in 1683. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. Having analyzed the levels of facial deformity in 66 portraits of 15 members of the Habsburg family, lead researcher and geneticist, Roman Vilas of the University of Santiago de Compostela, published his findings in the journal  Annals of Human Biology . Sex, spies and the Queen's black baby: the real history of Versailles. Source: TRAJAN 117 / Public Domain, Ashley was raised in Wick, a small fishing village in the county of Caithness on the north east coast of Scotland, and he went on to study filmmaking in Glasgow. Three died in infancy. Medicine Of The Gods: Egyptian Secret Book Of The Physician, Isaac Newton And His Alchemical Interest In The Lost Pyramid Code, Calligraphy of Tang Master Yan Zhenqing Unearthed in Ancient Tomb, The End of Ancient Judaism: The Captivity, Where are Ashkenazi Jews from? When the king heard of his wife’s death, he did not mourn but instead is reported to have said “This is the first time she’s caused me any bother.”, Marie Theresa of Spain’s burial site at the Basilica of Saint Denis. Only one of her children lived to … Archaeologists have found a coin hoard in Slovakia . The End of the Empire Deutsch: Margarita Teresa von Spanien (1651-1673) war eine spanische Prinzessin und als Frau von Leopold I. römisch-deutsche Kaiserin. She might have been more fit to rule than her brother. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. The remainder of Maria Theresa’s childhood is said to have been lonely, as she was neglected by her stepmother, who was merely four years older than her. In order to secure peace, a union between the royal families of Spain (the Habsburgs) and France (the Bourbons) was proposed. Both of them being pious women, Maria Theresa and Anne would spend time visiting convents and other religious institutions. And then, against all the odds, Charles recovered. Professor Vilas and colleagues ultimately found a strong relationship between the amount of inbreeding and each Habsburg's degree of mandibular prognathism. Sky News host Kay Burley dropped from show today after breaking Covid rules. Historians, however, are of the opinion that the baby was not black but had dark purplish skin as a consequence of oxygen deprivation, and that it soon died after its birth. Another part of the story involves a Benedictine nun by the name of Louise Marie Thérèse, known also as the ‘Black Nun of Moret’. The destruction of this kingdom and the forced exile of its population is known as the Captivity. At the time of Charles’s illness, Margaret Theresa was long dead, but she had one daughter Maria Antonia. The Black Masses of La Voisin: How a Fortune Teller Became a Murderess in the French Royal Court, The Ancient History of Chocolate, Gift of the Gods. Philip IV of the Habsburg family was one member who had the greatest degree of maxillary deficiency. The Nephilim: Giant Offspring of the Sons of God and the Daughters of Man? Intended to consolidate the claim of the Austrian Habsburgs to the Spanish throne, the wedding took place in 1666 after a lengthy diplomatic prelude. Inbreeding did not end well. It was common for Habsburgs to shack up with cousins or aunts, and marrying outside the family was frowned on. It is located in Aude, a department in the southern French region of Occitanie. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. Today at 3:51 AM #403 isabella. The team had studied 11 portraits to get this far, but to assess the actual degree of inbreeding among members of the Habsburg family the team looked at the dynasty's wider family tree and more than “6,000 individuals making up some 20 generations” were considered. [Online]Available at: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/tv/2016/06/05/dwarves-sex-and-spies-how-historically-accurate-is-versailles/Château de Versailles, 2018. Maria Antonia of Austria (Maria Antonia Josepha Benedicta Rosalia Petronella; 18 January 1669 – 24 December 1692) was an Electress of Bavaria by marriage to Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria. Also interesting, that the noses, which draw the eyes the most, are the primary variation (easiest to change), and their manipulation is not unlike the well-known destruction of the noses off the ancient statues. This video is about the most inbred monarch of all time, Charles II. The Real Story of Medusa: Protective Powers from a Snake-Haired Gorgon, Wayland the Smith: The Lost Germanic Legend of the Flying Blacksmith, The Disturbing True Story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, Medical Mystery of Usermontu: Why the Discovery of 2,600-Year-Old Knee Screw Left Experts Dumbfounded, Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand. 0,71 x 0, 6 m. Louvre Museum, Paris Get premium, high … Perhaps the most infamous of them all was Charles II of Spain. (museodelprado / Public Domain ). In conclusion, while this study is based on known historical figures, Professor Vilas says inbreeding is still common in some geographical regions among some religious and ethnic groups, so it's important today to investigate its effects in the modern world. Queen Maria Theresa and her son the Dauphin of France. Mariana of Austria is depicted as regent in a brief scene during the fourth episode of Juana Inés , a television mini-series centered around Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz , Mariana's increasingly famous and controversial subject in the colony of New Spain , produced by Canal Once . Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland, 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis. Maya Animation? (Hansmuller / Public Domain ). Etruscans Transported Bees by Boat to Reach the Best Flowers! Recent excavations in Rome have re-ignited the debate over whether the legendary first king of Rome, Romulus, was a historical character or just a fanciful work of fiction. The destruction of this kingdom and the forced exile of its population is known as the Captivity. [Online]Available at: https://spirituality.knoji.com/the-interesting-history-of-chocolate-and-maria-theresa/, I am a university student doing a BA degree in Archaeology. Leopold I, for example, married his own niece, Margaret Theresa of Spain, and insisted that she call him “uncle” while being intimate. A stellar string band and vocal soloists will perform excerpts from Antonio Cesti’s Il Pomo d’Oro , which was originally written to celebrate the marriage of Margarita to Emperor Leopold I. The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts. The nun claimed royal descent. In contrast to many theorists, this unconventional retelling of key parts of the Epic explores the idea that Gilgamesh was not searching for life eternal on Earth, as has been suggested as the theme of the Epic, but was instead searching for the means of transport to return to his goddess mother Ninsun’s home planet in the heavens. The Empress, our 2019-20 season opener, is a program of operatic excerpts and instrumental dance suites composed in honor of Empress Margarita Teresa of Spain (1651-1673.) He is now best remembered for his physical disabilities. She belonged to the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg , and is best-known for being the Queen of France as a result of her marriage to the French king, Louis XIV. The silver treasure was uncovered in the foundations of an old church. Marie-Thérèse of Austria. Yes, there were some more inbred people who were quite normal-Margaret Theresa of Spain (full sister of Carlos II) or her daughter Maria Antonia (even more inbred than Carlos, as her father HRE Leopold was Margaret Theresa's uncle). In 1971, the Rosicrucian Museum in California acquired a sealed ancient Egyptian coffin containing the well-preserved mummy of a high status Egyptian male. Dark Gift from Spain to France - Louis XIV and Chocolate. Maya Animation? She stayed away from the social intrigues of the French court and developed a close relationship with her mother-in-law, Anne of Austria, who was also Maria Theresa’s paternal aunt. He even insisted she call him uncle while being intimate. The Real Story of Medusa: Protective Powers from a Snake-Haired Gorgon, Wayland the Smith: The Lost Germanic Legend of the Flying Blacksmith, The Disturbing True Story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin, Medical Mystery of Usermontu: Why the Discovery of 2,600-Year-Old Knee Screw Left Experts Dumbfounded, Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand. Was there ever a Trojan War? The Man Who Stopped a Desert Using Ancient Farming, The Evidence is Cut in Stone: A Compelling Argument for Lost High Technology in Ancient Egypt. Of the French line, Maria Theresa had died in 1683 and her eldest son, Louis, Grand Dauphin (also the son of Louis XIV), would have had the next claim. In 1661, for instance, Louise de La Vallerie became the king’s first official mistress. This enabled Charles's sisters Maria Theresa (1638–1683) and Margaret Theresa (1651–1673) to pass their rights to the children of their marriages with Louis XIV and Emperor Leopold. He married his own niece, Margaret Theresa of Spain. She belonged to the Spanish branch of the House of Habsburg , and is best-known for being the Queen of France as a result of her marriage to the French king, Louis XIV. Marriage of Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Spain. Theresa Of Spain, First Wife of Louis XIV. A portrait of Maria Theresa of Spain, by Jean Nocret. 1. If we read from... Dinner Invitations for Famous People from the Past, What's your favourite Fairy Tales (and their possible origins), Rare Greek-Illyrian Helmet Found in Croatia. Seahenge: A Subaquatic Monument of the European Bronze Age. Norimitsu Odachi: Who Could Have Possibly Wielded This Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword? He died childless in 1700, ending the Habsburg rule in Spain. In order to record the bride’s development, portraits of the infanta were sent to the Court at Vienna. In the meantime, a war was being fought between Spain and France. Predictably, this did not end well. The wedding festivities in 1666 included firework displays, operas and an equestrian ballet, and represented the zenith of Baroque Maria Theresa herself was a great lover of chocolate. Back in Versailles, the queen fell ill and died suddenly from complications related to an abscess. Scientists have proven inbreeding brought about severe facial deformations and collapsed of one of Europe’s most powerful historical dynasties . The University of Santiago de Compostela researchers have shown for the first time, “a clear positive relationship between inbreeding and the appearance of the Habsburg jaw”, which Professor Vilas and colleagues achieved by analyzing what are known as the “11 features of the Habsburg jaw”, a condition known in medical circles as 'mandibular prognathism’. Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? This is recalled in Velázquez’s series of exquisite portraits of the young infanta at various ages that were sent to Vienna and The Habsburg family is one of the most important royal families in the history of Europe. Spain, on the other hand, supported the Catholics. In researching all the extant portraits, you can see a lot of variation in facial appearance, with some portraits portreying the royals, such as Maria Antonia (as just one example), in a beautiful way here:  https://i.pinimg.com/564x/73/0c/24/730c24813a1254f35bf20daa5d74bb39.jpg and from the dubious Wikipedia, not so beautiful here:  https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:B.K.C._-_Archduchess_Maria_Antonia_of_Austria_(1669-1692).png. She was born into the same inbred family and had the same “inbred coefficient,” but many saw her as a pretty young woman. [Online]Available at: http://en.chateauversailles.fr/discover/history/great-characters/maria-theresa-austriaHistory And Other Thoughts, 2015. Margaret, 90, becomes 1st in world to get Covid jab & celebrates with cup of tea. Recent excavations in Rome have re-ignited the debate over whether the legendary first king of Rome, Romulus, was a historical character or just a fanciful work of fiction. Infanta Margaret-Theresa of Spain. NOT O-KAY. Carlos II turned out to be a genetic basket case. One of the lesser known contributions that Maria Theresa made to France is the introduction of chocolate to the kingdom. After 10 teams of geneticists and surgeons studied the deformities observed in 11 of the family portraits and then compared the portraits with known inbreeding patterns across the family tree , it was established that there was indeed a link between inbreeding and the propensity of observed facial deformations. The Man Who Stopped a Desert Using Ancient Farming, The Evidence is Cut in Stone: A Compelling Argument for Lost High Technology in Ancient Egypt. Prehistoric Humans are Likely to Have Formed Mating Networks to Avoid Inbreeding, New research suggests Tutankhamun died from genetic weakness caused by family inbreeding, Why Expressive Brows Might Have Mattered in Human Evolution, https://media.nationalgeographic.org/assets/photos/324/759/f452545d-0c94-42c7-a2ff-245c51842087.jpg. Photo source: (alteesses.eu / Public Domain ), Blumsom, A., 2016. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. To prevent Spain's acquisition by France , Maria Theresa renounced her inheritance rights; in return, Louis was promised a dowry of 500,000 gold écus , a huge sum that was never paid. Maria Theresa of Austria. Margarita Teresa, from the Spanish Habsburg line, was the first wife of her uncle, Leopold I. https://cdn.britannica.com/s:800x450,c:crop/79/152179-138-028BBA91/Isaac... https://i.pinimg.com/564x/73/0c/24/730c24813a1254f35bf20daa5d74bb39.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:B.K.C._-_Archduchess_Maria_Antonia_of_Austria_(1669-1692).png, Unravelling the True Story of the Legendary Trojan Horse, Stashed Coin Hoard From Hapsburg Revolt Unearthed in Slovakia, Weird Ideas, Weird Behaviors: Bringing the Habsburg Family Skeletons Out of the Closet. Although the Thirty Years War ended in 1648, the conflict between Spain and France continued until 1659. This war began when the latter entered the Thirty Years War on the side of the Protestants in 1635. When Maria Theresa was six years old, her mother died. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. The Ill-fated Elling Woman: An Iron Age Sacrifice to Appease the Gods? If it did involve the French royal family, it is more likely that she was the illegitimate child of Louis XIV rather than of Maria Theresa. In return, she was to receive a monetary settlement as part of her dowry, though this was never paid. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. (Richardkiwi / Public Domain ). In 1971, the Rosicrucian Museum in California acquired a sealed ancient Egyptian coffin containing the well-preserved mummy of a high status Egyptian male. The most obvious heir was the young Maria Antonia. As Philip had lost his wife and Mariana her betrothed, the two (who were uncle and niece) married in 1649 – such incestuous relations within a royal family were deemed acceptable at the time as a means of perpetuating the royal lineage. Scientists have confirmed that facial deformities among the House of Habsburg were caused by inbreeding, according to a newly-published study. Margaret Theresa was the favourite child of her father, Philip IV of Spain, who referred to her as "my joy" in his private letters. This question continues to go unanswered by the academic and archaeological world. Despite her piety and her faithfulness to the king, a vicious rumor circulated around the French court that Maria Theresa had given birth to an illegitimate black baby. Although a lot of scientists have looked into the genetics behind Charles’ deformities, it does seem like he also drew an unlucky hand in life. What Was Life Really Like for an Ancient Greek Woman? She also appears as a detail in Velasquez' masterpiece Las Meninas which features her daughter Margaret Theresa. Norimitsu Odachi: Who Could Have Possibly Wielded This Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword? 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