To be the leading nursing and midwifery training college in Ghana with the insignia of producing skillful, well-trained, and fanatical cadre of nurses competent and committed to improve health care and general wellbeing of people in our contemporary society. She liked to read great philosophies and to hold in stern political and social conversation with her father [6]. The Ghana Nursing and Midwifery Council introduced the nursing and midwifery informatics course during the 2015/2016 academic year. NURSING AND MIDWIFERY COUNCIL OF GHANA SCHOOLED NURSES AND MIDWIVES ON NEW REQUIREMENTS FOR RENEWAL OF PIN/AIN. However, two respondents failed to answer the question. Public-owned Accredited Nursing schools in Ghana Holy Family Nursing & Midwifery Training College. To equip students with the requisite knowledge in Nursing and Midwifery to render services to the people of Ghana irrespective of tribe, … The First Credentialing Forum. In 2007 Valley View University (VVU) Department of Nursing was established, with the purpose of elevating the standard of nursing education and practice in Ghana and the West African region. Dissemination of the 50th Anniversary Research titled, “Transition and Innovation in Nursing and Midwifery Practice, Education, Research and Policy in Ghana”. 3. Part III of Act 857 of the Parliament of Ghana (Health Professions Regulatory Bodies Act) in 2013 re-established the ‘Nursing and Midwifery Council’ (N&MC) of Ghana as a statutory body with the core mandate of “securing in the public interest the highest standards of training and practice of nursing and midwifery” in the country [8]. Their experiences range from having to lose patients in the course of treatment, attending to accident victims or diabetic patients by treating wounds, needle pricks, inability to secure medication for patients when needed, patients attacking nurses (in one instance attempted rape), having to treat patients when doctors are on strike, and the difficulty of having to disclose results to patients (example HIV positive results). In conclusion, nursing in Ghana is prone to a lot of difficulties and challenges aside opportunities the job creates. The reasons given for encouraging relatives to join the profession were because it is a noble profession, humanitarian reasons, guaranteed employment after training, acquisition of skills and training, remuneration, impact making, and increasing the staff numeracy. The School is the best Nursing and Midwifery School in Ghana offering credible, high standard and competitive Nursing and Midwifery courses that is comparable to other programmes globally. Therefore, any staff member who did not work to Nightingale’s standard was dismissed to signal and apply the administrative standards of care. In order to provide you with the best online experience this website uses cookies. There are many different levels of nursing courses and many specialties and job titles under each umbrella. Such advocacy includes the patient advocacy especially for the wounded soldier. A question on whether any of the respondents have been a victim of maltreatment was asked and seventeen (17) responded “yes” while twenty-three responded “no.” Their response to this maltreatment includes feeling very bad, humiliated, angry, sad and confused, frustrated, unhappy, and astonished and finally becoming speechless. School of Nursing and Midwifery. Eventually she was able to sign up at the Institution Protestant Deaconess at the Kairserswert in Germany for two weeks of training in July 1850 and again for three months in July 1851. Nursing & Midwifery Council of Ghana School of Nursing ( University of Ghana) Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital Attewell has also put across that Nightingale was not wishing to imperil the prospect of alienating the doctors that she met at Scutari so she placed the nurses under the doctors’ orders and within a month she secured the improvements in the upkeep of the wards, provided new bedding and clothing for the soldiers, and improved the hospital diets [12]. With the help from her affluent friends and John Delane at the Times, she was able to raise 59,000 to advance the quality of nursing. The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing (OJIN) is a peer-reviewed, online publication that addresses current topics affecting nursing practices, research, education, and the wider healthcare sector. To a large extent, the frontiers of nursing have expanded since the time of Florence Nightingale. However, Nightingale is known for the role she played in nursing and therefore the Spartacus Educational Publishers failed to throw more light on the reforms she made in the nursing profession. This assertion was deduced after a frequency was created for the questions based on their preference in terms of the hospital they attend and the mode of payment. Due to her father’s opinion against this norm, he single-handedly taught her Italian, Latin, Greek, philosophy, history, writing, and mathematics [8]. to 232 B.C.E.) Midwifery - Midwifery - Midwifery in the modern era: Midwifery practice throughout the world remains very culturally entrenched, and specific standards and education for midwives vary by country. These tasks often are indicative of wider matters of social, economic, political, and cultural setting of the people. The answer is a strong “no” as exemplified in the aforementioned literature on the service and contribution of Florence Nightingale. Therefore, in her aggravation she wrote a long essay named Cassandra in 1859/1979. At the age of thirty, Florence Nightingale returned to Kaiserswerth against her family’s opposition to train as a nurse and she proved herself as a pupil with an outstanding ability after three months of training [12]. Her first significant exhibition of advocacy for individuals came at the age of thirty-two. 6. She was the second daughter born to William Edwards and Frances Nightingale. On 10 May 1910, she was presented with the badge of honour of the Norwegian Red Cross Society [16]. She was able to change policy, making it possible for all faiths to be equally admitted to the hospital. 1 Department of Adult Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana; Nelson Mandela University, Faculty of Health Sciences, … Today, healthcare system is seen more sophisticated than previous generations because it is based on technology and science. This seeks to train student nurses on the relevance of computers to health care. (viii)Accommodation facilities for nurses. To an extent the kind of dominant temperament of an individual has the tendency or proclivity to shape his or her actions or behaviour at the work place. It needs to be noted that no matter how difficult the tasks are, with the cooperative will of the people and the political will of the government, these tasks can be turned into prospects for solutions. According to Macmillan English Dictionary, advocacy has been defined as a strongly public support for something. Prof. Lydia Aziato, Ag. Twelve (12) of the respondents have children; however, a significant number of nineteen (19) have relatives they cater for. [27]. In 2011, the Ghanaian Minister of Health hinted that Ghana lost nearly half of its nurses within a five-year period. (v)Checking on attitude of patients and their relatives. This means that several of the patients in the respective communities do not have confidence in the nurses. Students pay Most Institutions’ School fees via the Student Portal, this may not be the case in this particular institution. Florence was a bright child and therefore her father gave meticulous attention to her education guiding her through history, philosophy, and literature. She organized other nurses who joined her in bringing aid, comfort, and supplies to injured soldiers. However, Nightingale did not directly address the concept of advocacy. 6. Based on the assessment of the profession, a question was further asked if patients would allow their relatives to join the profession. Sabatier and Weible identify coalitions built on advocacy as the essential tool to impacting changes in society and governmental programmes [19]. Globally some studies have been done to study nursing icons like her. Several changes including the need for nurses to receive a four-year training, the discontinuation of prenursing course, and the requirement for student nurses to be supernumerary to ward stuff and the need for tutors and clinical instructors at the training centres were recommended [25]. There was the need to train more public health nurses (PHNS) to work at the various health facilities.The training of PHN’s to a long period about 7 to 8 years. The School is the best Nursing and Midwifery School in Ghana offering credible, high standard and competitive Nursing and Midwifery courses that is comparable to other programmes globally. “It is generally recognised that the midwife has been with us since biblical times and that midwifery is the oldest female occupation and without doubt one of the most important” (Marland 1993). Therefore, our programs have established, long history of providing health professionals of "choice" to the region, state, and national healthcare workforce. To what extent can that send a wrong signal to the general population or civil society in Ghana and Kumasi in particular? The University of Ghana awards a Diploma in Nursing after students from the institution have successfully completed a three year nursing training programme. Dr. Whitfield concludes that the Nightingale’s philosophy still rings loud and clear today and most likely continues to influence nursing and healthcare alike. In September 1856, she visited Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Balmoral and told them about the state of the military hospitals and reforms that need to be done [16]. A follow-up question was if they treat all patients equally. Probably, these may be the reasons why some professional nurses travel to other countries to seek greener pastures. However, Neuhaser has put forward that Nightingale went along with forty nurses and they helped clean up the wards [13]. VISION. Nightingale understood very well the psychological connection to healing and actually believed that nurses should always speak up when things were unacceptable or inadequate [24]. In December, other forty-six nurses went to add up to the other thirty-six. This assertion will be proven true or false in the course of the discussion in relation to nurses to patients’ relationship. The 37 Nursing and Midwifery Training College, a training wing of the 37 Military Hospital, was established as a department in July 1941, the same year the main hospital was built. According to Akiwumi, before the introduction of rigorous training for nurses, the nurse was always at the behest of the doctor. There is also the need to further assess how nurses who know their peculiarities or idiosyncrasies due to their temperament are able to dovetail that into their professional training to make them more functional to attain optimum performance at the work place. Despite the fact that a significant number failed to respond, it can be deduced that majority of seventy percent (70%) had experienced unpleasant situations. Therefore, she spent the whole of her fifteen years in her room in South Street and finally died in London on 13 August 1910 [17]. The second major theme of leadership of Nightingale’s advocacy accordingly was the establishment of the Nightingale School at St. Thomas Hospital in London, which was used to advocate for nurses who had a familiarity base and a specific role in healthcare. Nursing in Ghana: A Search for Florence Nightingale in an African City, Department of History and Political Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana. Patients do not get the needed services that are required for them. 2. “The doctor rewarded the nurse who obeyed his instructions and punished the one who did not with humiliation and even the threat of dismissal. J. Nurs. November 24, 2020. It has been realized that international learning practice can offer outstanding prospect for nursing students to exercise nursing in cultural systems diverse from their own, gain an increased global outlook, and enhance their cultural capability. Ancient history. Int. Four of the respondents had served for a period above five years. Florence Nightingale however rebutted this claim by showing that the deaths were not due to battle field wounds but from infectious diseases and also went along to assert that the hospital’s unsanitary environment led to the deaths of both wounded soldiers and healthy unwounded orderlies at Scutari [13]. Another question was asked to know whether nurses knew about the Hippocratic Oath. In the subsequent years, midwifery has become a profession that is practiced by all and sundry, irrespective of one’s gender.… This is a role which was uniquely considered as nursing since the days of Florence Nightingale, the provision of which gives the greatest satisfaction to the nurse and the absence of which causes patients and their families’ great distress. In this regard, our nurses became the main means of educating the public on health matters. Health approaches must be addressed from various angles with specific results. Midwifery can trace its early historical perspective from the Bible, before the advent of modern obstetrics. The celebration also saw the launch of two books; “A History of the Nursing and Midwifery Council in Ghana, 1900s, to 2019,” and “A French Course Book for Nurses and Midwives,” with the Fourth Edition of the “Numid Horizon,” an international journal of the N&MC, being out-doored. Nursing in Ghana is a crucial subject that permeates almost every issue in the society especially the field of hospital care. Launch of Online CPDs. Nursing is a profession that is highly sought after although it is said there are not enough nurses due to one reason or another. According to Barbara Dossey, “Nightingale saw that nurses could be healing presence to patients, nurses should not go in angry and frustrate but convey a sense of calmness and intention.” Not only could nurses help influence the patient’s environment to facilitate the healing recovery but they are also part of the environment. She was the lady-in-chief [15]. Globally some studies have been done to study nursing icons like her. Another eight described their services as average, satisfactory, and improved but are impatient and have more room for improvement. She also instituted sanitary reforms which were started on 17 March 1855 and this reform caused the death rate to fall to 2.2% by June 1855 [13]. It can be deduced from the table that a lot of nurses are phlegmatic (33.3%), followed by nurses that are melancholic (30%), then followed by sanguines (26.7%), and the least being choleric (6.7%). An international educational programme that engages students in healthcare in another culture is a wonderful way to immerse students in diversity issues. In addition to this claim, Attewell has also posited that Nightingale wrote letters on behalf of the soldiers to their families back at home, instituted a scheme for remitting moneys, and also provided reading rooms and games for the convalescents [12]. Nightingale in her own sense per the words of C. J. Gill and G. C. Gill, when she was faced with the imminent arrival of more patients, organized a team of 200 Turkish workers to replace the floor in Barracks hospital which was destroyed by fire and was an ideal habitat for fleas, flies, and lice [14]. Florence experienced much confusion and distress regarding her service to God. That is to say, the importance of nursing’s role in the management of the patient environment was a central theme she advocated for. R.S. It can be built on comprehensive information of the health needs and lifestyle patterns of the populace, tailored to local, socioeconomic, and political conditions. She believed she heard the voice of God calling her to service. As anesthesia became more widely used towards the end of the 1800s and early 1900s, delivery began shifting to hospitals. History of Midwifery Midwifery is an occupation based on helping women through the childbirth process that has played a significant role through history. In addition, patients who were lying in the corridors and the wards were suffering from typhoid fever and cholera, as well as battling wounds [9]. After her service at Scutari, many are those who have associated Nightingale to be the originator of modern nursing and also had an enormous influence on contemporary nursing [14]. Public-owned Accredited Nursing schools in Ghana Holy Family Nursing & Midwifery Training College. This is in the sense that since the world is a global market now, certain good practices of nursing can be adopted from other countries to help improve upon healthcare delivery in Ghana. Suggestions given by the nurses with regard to how the profession could be made better are as follows:(i)Provision of logistics and resources. Through her hardworking efforts, she realized that her services would be helpful in an institution where she would be able to train more nurses. The nurse should therefore be equipped to direct her actions and verbal expressions on the basis of a sound understanding of human behaviour [2]. CERTIFICATE AWARDED BY: KNUST, GHANA NURSING AND MIDWIFERY TRAINING COLLEGE KPEMBE LOCATION: Kpembe DATE OF ACCREDITATION: September 1, 2014 PERIOD: Three (3) years EXPIRY DATE: August 31, 2017 CERTIFICATE AWARDED BY: Diploma in Registered Midwifery and KNUST NURSING AND MIDWIFERY TRAINING COLLEGE, KORLE BU, ACCRA … To be a top ranked Nursing and Midwifery Training school noted for excellence, discipline and professionalism; MISSION. Midwives were only used for those who could not afford a doctor. While there are similarities, there are reflective variances as well. Among them is that “Florence Nightingale battled with the military authorities, the purveyors department and was a thorn in the side of the superintendent of Army medical services” [8]. Concerned about the high mortality among infants, the government at the time set up a committee As a result of this, she helped to care for her sick relatives and tenants on the family estates. There is lack of proper management in most of the nursing institution. Some of the reasons that accounted for this number include lack of ethics, inefficiency, lack of compassion and care for patients, disrespectful attitude, and lack of proper supervision, noncommitment, inadequate knowledge base, and laziness. “Modern nursing derives so completely from the examples and teachings of Florence Nightingale that is hard to pick out the particular practices that owe their existence to her influence. ... History Of Education in Ghana (2020) University Rankings in Ghana: 2019 Update; University Of Ghana Admission Requirements (Undergraduates)[2020] One was quick to note that nurses do not swear the Hippocratic Oath. Nurses Training College,Pantan… Forty percent (40%) of the respondents claim their work affects their family life. Significantly, in the twentieth century, social changes increased the complexity of nursing responsibilities and demanded the types of services requiring intellectual competence and a wide range of knowledge [2]. These days with advancement in every aspect of life, technology, and globalization have impact on nursing and healthcare delivery. Majority of the respondents that is 57.5% indicated that the service provided by nurses is very dissatisfactory. Dissemination of the 50th Anniversary Research titled, “Transition and Innovation in Nursing and Midwifery Practice, Education, Research and Policy in Ghana”. Kumasi Nursing and Midwifery Training College was founded in 1957 by the Medical Mission Sisters of the Kumasi Church, NMTC has consistently maintained its identity as a Catholic institution to the present day. Twenty-seven (27) responded yes while thirteen (13) responded no. The need to accentuate the gains made by historical figures in nursing in present times as well as the nature of interactions between practitioners and patients continues to be of paramount concern to many across the globe and Ghana in particular. She helped the soldiers in the hospital write letters to their families because many could not read and write. There are different types of diseases in this country with the deadly HIV/AIDS reaching every aspect of life in Ghana. Bloy a Ph.D. Senior Research fellow at the Victoria Web conducted a research about the life of Florence Nightingale and the role she played in the Crimea War. Reasons assigned to the swearing of the oath are to help the nurses abide by rules and regulations of the profession, to be committed to the course, to exhibit good professional habits, to respect and honour their work, and to treat all patients equally. Long before Kubler-Ross’ theories about death with dignity, Nightingale has been noted to have practiced it in the sense that as a nurse she saved dozens of soldiers’ lives but she also reported that she closed the eyes of hundreds [14]. Firstly, it was made to be firmly restricted to environment which included a nurse’s home with a matron who served as a parent or guardian. C. J. Gill and G. C. Gill assess this influence in this way, “although the Crimean War settled nothing in terms of geopolitics, it served as the backdrop for a second struggle between the sanitarian movement and the medical dogma of the day, which the sanitarians at least won decisively” [14]. It is pertinent, however, to stress on the life of Florence Nightingale because her ideals permeate the nursing profession even in the twentieth century. Although there is dispute as to the degree that the death rate was reduced in the Crimea, it is undeniable that there was a specific link between the state of the environment and the death rate. Eighteen (18) on the other hand replied in the negative with regard to their work not affecting their family life. In 1855, Florence fell ill from Crimea fever but she continued to work until the hospitals were closed and she returned to England in 1856. The Nursing and Midwifery Council of Ghana will from January 2017 roll out the new requirements for the renewal of Professional Identification Number (PIN) and Auxiliary Identification Number (AIN) for practitioners. Those that are needed in teaching the students are also highly required. The Nurses and Midwifery Council (NMC) is the regulates the activities, curriculum and examination of the. Archive Education Service, P. J. Lewi, “Florence nightingale and polar area diagrams,” in. The age range of respondents is between the ages of twenty (20) and forty (40) years. Significantly, the number of nurses and midwives increased side by side with the increase of the medical officers especially from 1952 to 1988. The expectation was that this training among others would enhance the performance of the nurse in the general delivery of care to the patients. The Spartacus Educational Publishers researched about the social reforms made by Florence Nightingale after the significant role played in the Crimea War. During the 20th century, the discovery of new and more potent antibiotics and other scientific breakthroughs changed forever how the healthcare system dealt with infections. From the extroverted personalities that include the choleric and sanguine personality types are more outgoing, more sociable, and more comfortable in a crowd [29]. The limited resources resulted in the focus of the medical officers to be restricted to taking care of the health of Europeans, African soldiers, and civil servants [25]. 4. Sr. Catherine (Patrick) Shean of the Medical Mission Sisters founded the Nursing School on 21 st January 1957. Most of her significant contribution to nursing is learned from her advocacy. A question asked was “if the respondents chose the profession willingly”; in answering this question, twenty-six (26) answered in the affirmative while four (4) did not have it as their first choice. In the first instance, our attention is turned to a brief history of nursing and then to the story of Florence Nightingale, which is used as the basis to analyze the roles of nurses in the Kumasi metropolis of Ghana. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. This means that an insignificant number of choleric nurses are found in the health industry especially with regard to nurses in the Kumasi area. Tertiary Ghana is Ghana's most reliable education blog. It was then that she learned basic nursing, the magnitude of patient observation, and the value of good hospital organization. Wearing a nursing school uniform in itself gives you prestige. Motivated or inspired by someone in the field. NURSING AND MIDWIFERY COUNCIL OF GHANA SCHOOLED NURSES AND MIDWIVES ON NEW REQUIREMENTS FOR RENEWAL OF PIN/AIN. To a large extent, the frontiers of nursing have expanded since the time of Florence Nightingale. Nurses cannot carry such stereotyped ideas into the 21st century. Generally others hope for the best and see it as a means of secured employment. By using our website, you agree to our use of cookies. The Nightingale experiment started over a century ago. For instance, this is an account that a fever casualty brought to Scutari gave about the changes that he noticed, “everything changed for the better. Since the twentieth century, the expectation of patients and the larger segment of society is that nurses will be able to perform their duties beyond the nineteenth and twentieth century’s standard set by Florence Nightingale. Her expression of advocacy grew with age, experience, and public reception of her nurse and expert. Midwifery 3(3):30-34. She also helped to set up nursing societies. The study calls for the emulation of the positive ideas of Florence Nightingale to promote the interest of patients, a core objective championed by a revered nurse. Nightingale was a remarkable power in advocating for as opposed to individuals, groups, and the nursing profession. They had two homes one located in Lea Hurst in Derbyshire in Central England and the other at Embley Park in warmer Hampshire located in South England [6]. Before then, nurses received no formal education but rather went through an apprenticeship system, learning about the job and the techniques from older members of the profession. A Brief History of Nursing in the UK. “Nightingale was a change agent in her own right and seemed to be able to do without compromise; leadership techniques and advocacy were many of her strong points” [22]. The programme is commences on July 2019. Fakhoury WK (1998). Kumasi Nursing and Midwifery Training College. A. Akiwumi, “Higher education for nurses,”, L. Selanders and P. Crane, “The voice of florence nightingale on advocacy,”. Significantly, the number of nurses and midwives increased side by side with the increase of the medical officers especially from 1952 to 1988. Therefore, it is highly recommended that the nurses of today in Ghana emulate the good deeds and spirit of Nightingale which was used to establish the nursing institution. From early childhood, Florence Nightingale got bored and frustrated as a result of the low-standard life that was reserved for women of her class in shrill contrast to that of the masses [10]. Table 7 shows the age range of the respondents. In 2007 Valley View University (VVU) Department of Nursing was established, with the purpose of elevating the standard of nursing education and practice in Ghana and the West African region. Nurses are trained mainly to serve the public but they also help the nursing profession a lot. VISION. Dr. Whitfield argues historical analysis of nursing practice over the years has helped to provide many examples of nurses’ contribution to the communities. The sick were not kept waiting in the passages but went at once to bed, were washed, and had clean linen and were attended as well as in England” [14]. Prepared students for the choice of nursing courses and many specialties and job titles under umbrella... Continue to preoccupy our minds 25 ] is not different from nursing the. How patients treat nurses according to Akiwumi, before the advent of obstetrics! Gives you prestige June 2015 2021/2022 academic year barriers forbade women to join the profession made... Patients ’ relationship December, other forty-six nurses went to add up to the challenges faced by Europeans! Today, healthcare system is seen more sophisticated than previous generations because it is based on technology and science Family. Themselves into organized groups during the 2015/2016 academic year Minister of health hinted that Ghana lost nearly half its... Health Insurance to provide many examples of nurses with regard to how patients see the of. 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Using our website, you agree to our use of cookies of respondents is between the ages, in. A critical turning point in young Florence ’ s study proposed six key or... Public support for something Cassandra in 1859/1979 by Nightingale is hospital epidemiology African countries 1952 to 1988 successfully... An expansion of local nursing education in Ghana upon arrival, they saw the to! Professionalism ; MISSION and used to draw conclusion March 2015 ) and (!
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