This … This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Pivot Point:  Dogwood is a visually pleasing tree to use at a point where two linear flower or ground cover beds form a right angle. Dogwood fruit, or Asiatic cornelian cherry fruit, is from the Japanese dogwood scientifically named Cornus kousa. The blossoms of dogwood add a welcome touch of color in early spring. Dogwoods have proven to be extremely invaluable to wildlife and humans alike. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Jamaican Dogwood. Dogwood flowers provide nectar to pollinating insects and then become fruit that is sought after by birds and mammals. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The wood wore smoothly and didn’t crack under strenuous use. The wood of the dogwood tree is one of the hardest and it is said that it was chosen to make the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified.The origin of the name comes from the smooth, straight twigs which were used to make butchers’ skewers. Spreading Holiday Cheer: How One Tree Becomes 50,000, Wildfire Restoration 101: How to Drive Recovery and Prevent Future Disaster, A New Landmark: 5 Million Tree Planters Around the Globe, Replanting Paradise: On the Ground with Kieran O’Leary, Sites where soil compaction is unavoidable, Soil that becomes excessively dry in summer, Sites exposed to salt spray or air pollution problems, Excessively hot sites such as parking lots. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. GB520 6111 04. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Dogwood trees do not get very tall and are ideal for landscape plantings where small trees are desired. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. Dogwood can be found in the evergreen forests or on the edges of deciduous forests. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. But for countless Americans today, the dogwood needs no greater purpose than the remarkable beauty it brings forests and homes. Research has shown that infected trees can be saved by pruning and destroying infected branches. Avoid: In recent years, dogwoods have been planted in harsh sites where stress predisposes them to a variety of diseases. Ask an Arborist: How do I use Arbor Day Foundation Tree Care Products? List of various diseases cured by Jamaican Dogwood. Registered in England No. Planting in this way also protects dogwood’s compaction-sensitive roots. Extreme care is necessary to prevent trunk damage such as from construction, lawn mowers or weed cutters. This North American species of hardwood tree produces distinctive fragrant white flowers in the spring, followed by clusters of bright red fruit. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Its shape is also good as a canopy tree. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. The bark was simmered in water and used on aching muscles and a bark tea was used to promote sweating and break a fever. Under the best of conditions, the growth rate of this tree is considered “medium.”. They fade to a rich crimson colour before falling in autumn. American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Woodland Walks podcast with Adam Shaw and Dan Snow, Foraging for natural Christmas decorations. Names of Jamaican Dogwood in various languages of the world are also given. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. In the UK it can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. The four-petalled flowers have a bad smell.Identified in winter by: newer twigs which are bright red. Medicine: C. alternifolia was used to make an eye medicine by the Chippewa. Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. In the sun the twigs are coloured crimson, but lime green in the shade. This guide was made with the intent to give the reader a quick overview, so I suggest investing in a field guide or … Pagoda dogwood makes an excellent small tree or large shrub in a shade garden or for naturalizing. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. Dogwoods are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of butterflies and moths, including the emperor moth, the engrailed, the small angle shades, and the following case-bearers of the genus Coleophora: C. ahenella, C. salicivorella (recorded on Cornus canadensis), C. albiantennaella, C. cornella and C. cornivorella, with the latter three all feeding exclusively on Cornus. It grows on fertile, loamy soil in areas that provide enough moisture and shade. Picturesque ornamentals are selected for this role – standing alone like a piece of fine sculpture to be viewed from all sides. Specimen Tree:  A specimen tree is a free-standing element in a landscape design. Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. It likes full sun and will tolerate a little shade, likes acid, moist and well drained soils. There has not been a lot written about the uses of dogwood for magic. Understated until the colder months when it bursts into colour, dogwood is a broadleaf shrub which thrives in damp woodland edges. Look out for: a stringy latex-type substance which can be seen if the leaves are pulled apart. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. Learn how your comment data is processed. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. 294344) and in Scotland (No. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. Common Uses: Golf club heads, textile shuttles, bows (archery), mallets, pulleys, and turned objects. Other names for the tree include Japanese cornelian cherry, Korean dogwood, Chinese dogwood, … Found naturally in over one-third of all Tennessee counties, Cornus florida or flowering dogwood, is among the state’s favorite trees. The leaves are eaten by the caterpillars of some moths, including the case-bearer moth, while the flowers are visited by insects and the berries are eaten by many mammals and birds. Credit: Frank Teigler Hippocampus Bildarchiv / Alamy Stock Photo. The fresh green, oval leaves are 6cm long, have smooth sides and characteristic curving veins. People make medicine from the bark. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. The fruit is sometimes used for making wine. The Flowering Dogwood tree is an ornamental tree that does not get too large, and it can be used many places in the landscape. Saws or shears should be sanitized in Clorox or a similar solution after infected trees are pruned. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? These strong trees have various features that make them well loved with those having vast estates and gardens. The berries are eaten by many birds and mammals. The damage is mainly aesthetic and does little harm to the shrub. In a small, intimate space where an enclosed feeling is desired, the spreading branches of dogwood can provide a pleasant “roof.”  (Some pruning of the lowest branches might be necessary for this use.) Foliage: Uses of a Flowering Dogwood Tree Flowering dogwood trees are mostly used for landscaping purposes, as the beauty of this tree is spellbinding. Likewise, they are nice near a patio. Its toughness is appreciated in a variety of applications, though its poor dimensional stability means that its use is usually restricted to unglued/unjoined standalone … It is edible, with a sweet and creamy flavour, and is a delicious addition to the tree's ornamental value. A branch would make an excellent Air wand, and small shards of wood could be ground and added to air-oriented incense blends. Planting as described above can help prevent this disease. Flower color: White is the usual color of the dogwood’s petal-like bracts, but some are pink or even pale red, such as C. florida ‘Rubra’. The root bark is used to make medicine. It turns a rich red-brown in fall. Delivery is free. The bark of all Cornus species are rich in tannins and have been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine - a drug that’s used to treat malaria and babesiosis. If space allows, the white can be accentuated with a background of conifers. Dogwood anthracnose is a troubling disease that has become nearly epidemic since the late 1970s. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. It is little used in modern herbalism. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. In addition to planting only on proper sites, here are some suggestions to keep flowering dogwoods healthy. We want to make sure everyone in the UK has the chance to plant a tree. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. 2-inch clusters of slightly fragrant flowers in spring give way to blue-black berries on red peduncles (flower stalks) in summer, a favorite of native wildlife. American Dogwood is a small deciduous tree which grows to the height of 10 meters and often wider than it is tall when mature having trunk diameter upto 30 cm. 1982873. Dogwood is native throughout Europe, Asia and North America. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. The flowers are small with four creamy white petals, and are produced in clusters. Uses for the red twig dogwood. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Mature trees can grow to 10m. The Dogwood tree is an extremely common ornamental plant, dogwood trees offer beautiful flowers and unique fruits. The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Rake and dispose of leaves in autumn to help sanitize the area. In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses and even legendary significance. Ceremony: The leaves of some varieties of Dogwood were used in smoking mixtures including Red Osier dogwood (C. stolonifera) and the C. rugosa type of dogwood. A drink similar to tea can be made from the bark to treat pain and fevers, while the leaves can be made into a poultice to cover wounds. The tree’s extremely hard wood also found important uses as weavers’ shuttles and in golf club heads, the handles of chisels and mauls, and even as wedges and yokes. Leaves fade to a rich crimson before falling in autumn. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. A tree planted this year will reach full-size in about a decade. It is able to grow in damp conditions but can grow in many soil types. Skewers used to be called 'dags' or 'dogs', so the name means 'skewer wood'. In the UK it can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. Bright autumn foliage and red berries that linger into winter add a bold stroke of color to any landscape design. Comments: Dogwood has excellent shock resistance, and is one of the hardest domestic woods of the United States or Canada. Dogwood can be susceptible to horse-chestnut scale insect – a sap-sucking, limpet-like insect which feeds on a wide range of trees and shrubs. The species name, florida, is also from Latin, flos, meaning flowery. The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. Jamaican dogwood is a tree. Dogwood Uses The dense, hard wood of dogwood trees was used in the 19th century to make weaving shuttles for textile mills. The Dogwood Tree is a majestic ornamental, well adapted to life in the United States. For all the beauty of this tree, the common name of dogwood may come from something less lovely – “dagger.”  This, in turn, may actually come from its early use as a skewer, or thin piece of wood used to hold meat together. Dogwood flowers are creamy-white and appear in clusters. The red twig dogwood is an ornamental plant that is used commonly in hedges and rock gardens. Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides year-round interest in the landscape. An old tree will stand about 5 meters tall. Its leaves are oval with smooth sides and curving veins. American dogwood is a plant. Uses. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. The Kousa Dogwood is a deciduous tree that survives well in USDA zones 5-8 and is self fertile. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Powdery mildew, an unsightly fungal infection, doesn't usually kill the tree but probably weakens it until another pest comes along and delivers the final blow. Some are native to the U.S. and some are not, such as the very popular Kousa Dogwood which is native to Asia. The Dogwood is a fairly common type of tree with multiple species and multiple uses. Dogwood is hermaphrodite, meaning the male and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower. How Jamaican Dogwood is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. In this usage it is called an accent tree. VAT No. Find out how to spot them, the symptoms and outlook, and how you can help. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1). It is also a popular ornamental plant and is used in gardens to provide autumn and winter colour. Shrubby species stabilize slopes and shores, protecting them from erosion. 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