Another problem experienced by most local governments in Nigeria is the excessive influence and control by the state governments. The allocation to the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is accounted for under the special fund which is administered by the federal government. Some criteria needed for the creation of Local Governments include: population, land mass, Internally Generated Revenue, location and others. Thus, there will be shortage of fund. Read more… Terms of Use. Problems and prospects of budgeting and budget implementation in Local Government System in Nigeria Samuel C. Ugoh 1 and Wilfred I. Ukpere 2* 1University of Lagos, Department of Political Science, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Fifthly, the problem of financial mismanagement and embezzlement of available funds in local government council. It is a very big problem that has destroyed the local government system of Nigeria to a very large extent. Trust me; if these things continue to play in the local level, the progress of Nigeria will be slow of even static. But the system, unfortunately, has been ‘hijacked’ by politicians and senior bureaucrats for personal enrichment. Let’s make our Local Governments great again as the hope of the grassroots. Most times it is very difficult or even impossible to find people who are educated and trained to lead others in the local government areas, and this can take political powers to the hands of the wrong people. This is even without taking into consideration the alarming rise of ghost workers. Just this week, I made a very comprehensive article about local government and its importance in a state/Country. Most councils are faced with increasing need for reinvestment in resources and services, ranging from health and social care to education and infrastructure. In Nigeria, corruption occurs in many areas but the most common is corruption of government officials. The people has to see that it is important to stop it themselves. The Federal Government has been called upon to look for local solutions aimed at alleviating the plight of Nigerians living with diabetes. This is because that part of the constitution provides that the local government should have a joint account with the state. Revenue generation is the nucleus and the path to modern development. If you still have questions or contributions to make on this informative topic, please share them using the comment section below. Nigeria as a sovereign nation operates a federal system of government i.e the federal government, state government and the local government councils. Tax avoidance and delinquencies are among the problems confronting … Currently 3% of the population between the ages of 15 and 49 are infected with HIV. ... of government whereby the State allows the establishment of local units of government with powers and authority to make local decisions on matters that affect the local communities and to mobilize local resources for implementation or … Now you may be asking, how does the federal and state government interfere with the activities of the local government? Government Software Solutions Resolve Issues That Plague Local Government Officials. Despite the extraordinary fiscal crisis of the past few years, budget cuts can only go so far in increasing productivity; there are limits to efficiency based on cost reduction. Your email address will not be published. There are 774 Local Government Areas in Nigeria. Meanwhile, as citizens holding different position in the local administration of our states, we must stop bribery, tribalism, favoritism and corruption. Evidently, this is the biggest problem of local government in Nigeria. Basically, the reason is because there is shortage of trained personnel to take political powers. This is because local government as the third tier of government The laws governing the creation of Local Government Areas should be followed strictly and any unnecessary agitation for more creations must be made to go through the proper channels and not for the purpose of pleasing anybody. The Nigerian Constitution has undergone a lot of reviews through the years but unfortunately, it has failed to address the major problems of the local Government which include: Qualification and Tenure of Chairmen And Councillors, Removal Process, Local Government creation processes, operation of the Local government Services Commission, Qualifications of Employees, … Thus, the study was to assess the impact of poor revenue generation on the development of Local Government Areas. This is through the to incessant military coup the country has had in the past. There is also statement of problem. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. No doubt, this is a cogent solution to the problem of shortage of trained personnel at the local level. So, to stop the problem of corruption in local government, both the masses and the local government officials have to change their mindset about the country. ... or no consultation of the general public. There is no clear distinction of the constitutional powers and boundaries of both the State and Federal Governments as it affects the establishment and operations of the Local Governments. The Local Government has the highest number of unqualified personnel in its payroll. That is to say, about 99% of all the states in Nigeria, depend solely on the fund sent by the federal government every year. By implementation of the strong regulation of government activity and budget management. But over the years, Local Governments have been created to score cheap political points amidst complaints of marginalization by others thereby ignoring the previously stated criteria. InfoGuide Nigeria is a team of Resource Persons and Consultants led by Ifiokobong Ibanga. There has been indiscriminate employment of persons to please political godfathers and curry favours from the powers that be hence the constant inability of the Local Government to pay its workers as at when due. Nigeria’s Biggest Problem Is Corruption Corruption is at the root of many of Nigeria’s problems. Conversely, if you have been stuffing the internet to get a comprehensive article that explains the problem of local government in Nigeria and their solutions, this is the best article you will find online. Research has shown that there are so many workers employed by the Local Governments more than their budgets or statutory allocation can handle. This article needs attention from an expert in Nigeria. Your email address will not be published. In other words, federal allocation of revenue will get to the state government before it gets to the local government. This article explicitly explained some of the characteristics of a local government and the reasons why it is necessary to have local governments in a state. So you see, acute shortage of funds for the local government is also a problem of the local government. MUST READ: About the Nigerian Weekly Law Report (NWLR). You will agree with me that no organization, union or government can run effectively without funds. The specific problem is: LGA and its relationship to cities, states, and wards, and the function of wards. Apparently, the reason why most rural people don’t participate in politics at the local level is because they do not know the benefits of being a leader. cit. It has to be a voluntary renaissance of interest by the people. google_ad_height = 600; Valentine is a content developer at InfoGuide Nigeria. Local Governments need to be autonomous to be able to function with maximum capacity. Corruption takes many forms and infiltrates all political institutions and economic sectors. It is therefore The first problem of the local government in Nigeria can be traced back to the constitution that authorized its existence. These problems affect mostly its internal sources of revenue. Aside from the interference by the federal government and state government, the military also interferes in the activities in the local government too. Chapter two is based on assessment of local government and rural development in rural development, in post-colonial Nigerians examined, it emphasis the effectiveness of Nigeria Local Government. iCompass solves the top-five issues that are keeping public officials up at night with technological solutions for meeting management and government efficiency. Like it is always said, when there is a problem, there is a solution. local staff to carry out various projects and programmes which affect society and the people positively. 2. The workforce of the Local Government should be reduced because the number is simply staggering and uncalled for. Proper provisions should be made to enable the Local Governments to be self-sufficient without relying constantly on the other two tiers for funds. Your email address will not be published. google_ad_width = 300; In the last local government elections, most of the seats were won by the political parties in power in the respective states. (a) the provision and maintenance of primary, adult and vocational education; (b) the development of agriculture and natural resources, other than the exploitation of materials, (c) the provision and maintenance of health services; and. Problems of local government in Nigeria and Solutions. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. In Nigeria, the problem is complemented by financial frauds within both federal government and state government. WikiProject Nigeria may be able to help recruit an expert. According to the Fourth Schedule in the 1999 Nigerian constitution, the functions of the Local Government Council include: (a) The consideration and the making of recommendations to a State commission on economic planning or any similar body on; (i) the economic development of the State, particularly in so far as the areas of authority of the council and of the State are affected, and. Also read: Nigerian legal system: Problems of the Legal profession in Nigeria. Onwo (1992) Observed that each level of the three tiers of government derive its powers not from the magnanimity of the central government but from the constitution; each level of government has defined responsibilities assigned to it by the constitution. Almost everything in leadership requires fund and where there is incomplete funds to carry out local projects, the local government will not be able to do anything. Nowadays, due to the shortage of trained personnel who administer the affairs of the local masses, wealthy people use their money to win offices in the local government. If you have been following the news lately, you will attest to the fact that every 2-3 months, different local government Chairpersons are reported for embezzlement of funds capable of feeding a whole community. Political leaders have been known to engage to corrupt activities. This has resulted in the local governments being perpetually broke and always finding it difficult to pay their workers and carry out basic projects like providing social amenities. And if nothing is done to reduce it in Nigeria now, it might turn into something unstoppable very soon. Investment plans, Benefits, How to register, 10 Roles of Agriculture in Nigeria Economic Development, The functions of a local government council shall include participation of such council in the Government of a State as respects the following matters –. CORRUPTION. x Emezi C.E, Op. . In fact, it gotten to the point that the act of corruption is not seen as something that should be shunned or rebuked. Planning is not an edifice where technocrats alone operate (Mimiko, 1998). 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Regular tests should be given to the employees to gauge their competence and qualification for the role they occupy. That is what i am talking about. Having mentioned the core problems and solutions to the problems of local governments in Nigeria, i urge the federal government of Nigeria to do what should be done as soon as possible. It is against these backgrounds that this paper examines these issues and how they affect project initiation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. 2Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT), Faculty of Business, Room 22, Commerce Building, P. O. Local governments in Nigeria are not optimally performing as expected partly due to insufficient fund, corruption and lack of autonomy. If this was well streamlined, we will not have the many “Caretaker Chairmen” who are appointed by the various State governments. (vi) licensing, regulation and control of the sale of liquor. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. Required fields are marked *. In the 1999 Constitution, little or no power rests on the hands of the Local Government hence leading to incessant interference from the other tiers of government. Your email address will not be published. problems of contemporary Nigeria is corruption. However, after a recent experience of my father’s friend, I saw that tribalism and favoritism does not just play in the local government administration of Nigeria. However, this does not mean that the local government do not work hand in hand with the federal and state government. … The rate of embezzlement of public funds in the local government is undoubtedly very high. In spite of the dynamic reforms that was introduced in the local government administration in Nigeria, local governments are still experiencing some problems that are contributing to its inefficiency some these problems will be comprehensively explain below. Thus, putting up programs like this will go a long way to make people actively participate in politics at the local level. The paper was descriptive, combining quantitative and qualitative methods. ... if only to ensure that tax payersmonies are efficiently … Tribalism and favoritism must be stopped or rapidly reduced for local governments to be effective in Nigeria. In Nigeria currently, only Lagos state can generate and sustain itself even without the revenue from the federal government. The problem is standing in the first row, … This law strips the local government off all powers and places those powers on the state government but this is in sharp contrast to the state and Federal level which are well provided for. Local government contributes a lot to the economic and financial development of any heterogeneous state, and since Nigeria is one, an effective local government administration can boost the country’s economy greatly. It allows for corruption in government and can limit the funds that finally get to the local government. Do you know that if the federal or state government encourages enlightenment programs at the local level where the masses can be educated and trained to lead others, the problem regarding shortage of personnels at the local level will be solved. Lack of interaction between the government and society. iCompass’s solutions take the worry out of governing communities of every size with software solutions that are designed with community … For this reason, the problem of tribalism, nepotism and corruption in total, cannot be stopped once by any action of the government. The worst is that these leaders are the same people that will leave unfinished projects and unpaid depths for the local government before the end of their tenure. They include: Of course, if the Fouth schedule of the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria can be amended, then local governments in Nigeria will be more effective. The act governing the SJLGA should be properly reviewed and strictly monitored. This way, the problem of corruption, tribalism, favoritism, embezzlement of public funds, etc will be put to an end. Here we publish several helpful articles in various categories, such as how-to articles, where to find things, resources, business, interviews and reviews. However, current sources of revenue are mainly based on regressive taxation – property tax, sales tax, and user fees. Despite all the problems of local government in Nigeria I have already mentioned, there are solutions that can help eliminate them and increase effectiveness in the local administration of the people. How to stop this? The workers should be properly disciplined for late coming and shirking off their responsibilities and strict sanctions placed on them. Page maintained by, 10 Problems of Local Government in Nigeria and Solutions, 10 Revenue Sources To State Governments in Nigeria other than Federal Allocations, Folly and Falsities of Ruga Settlements – Oseloka H. Obaze. This is why it seems like only wealthiest in the local government areas in Nigeria are allowed to rule the people. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. This is unheard of in a true democracy as the State Governors successfully put their cronies in power and the rights of the general populace to decide was totally shelved aside. The State Governments should be made to remit all the funds due to the Local Government and desist from encroaching on the functions of the Local Governments and its operations. How is Money Essential in Nigerian Politics? google_ad_width = 300; Bscholarly is an education and legal blog that is focused on disseminating Legal tips/news, Court judgments, Case Summaries, Admission News and school tips for scholars all over the world. Trust me; this will increase the fund of the local government as the state government will not be able to temper with federal allocation of revenue to the local government. Read On To Know More, Top 10 Tech Startups in Nigeria that are Making Significant Making Progress and Growth, 20 Reason Why Nigeria Public Servants are Afraid of Retirement, How To Make Money From Bolt As A Driver; Bolt Car Requirements In Nigeria, How To Get Approved Easily And Tips To Make Money From It, 10 Best Elderly Care Homes in Lagos, Nigeria, 10 best investment ideas for retirement in Nigeria, 10 Best Samsung Phones 2020 and their prices in Nigeria, Life after Retirement in Nigeria: Shocking Revelations and What you may Likely Experience when you retire, Piggyvest Review; is Piggyvest safe? Problems of local government in Nigeria: It is truism that local governments are very important in a heterogeneous nation. Sometimes, it does not get the complete fund allocated to it from the federal government. Acute shortage of fund:. P8. The ideas expressed on this site are solely the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the opinions of anyone else. There are so many problems facing this tier which we shall discuss. We see these other tiers of government encroaching on some of the functions of the Local Government. Monies meant for payment of the salaries of the employees are siphoned and a lot of ghost workers are in the payrolls, financial figures for projects are inflated and most of the Chairmen rule with an autocratic and parochial attitude and tend to favour some parts of the council over others. Evidently, this is the biggest problem of local government in Nigeria. Here we will try and give explanations the following queries used by readers, policy makers and researchers: The Nigerian Constitution has undergone a lot of reviews through the years but unfortunately, it has failed to address the major problems of the local Government which include: Qualification and Tenure of Chairmen And Councillors, Removal Process, Local Government creation processes, operation of the Local government Services Commission, Qualifications of Employees, amongst others. Even, the Local Government officials who are close to the people were not consulted. The Local Government is the third tier of government. Even if the local government decides to raise funds by itself for running the administration, it may not be possible to get all that is required. 2.8 Local Government Finances and Revenue Utilization Public revenue mobilisation is one of the most keenly contested issues in Nigeria. (ii) proposals made by the said commission or body; (b) collection of rates, radio and television licences; (c) establishment and maintenance of cemeteries, burial grounds and homes for the destitute or infirm; (d) licensing of bicycles, trucks (other than mechanically propelled trucks), canoes, wheel barrows and carts; (e) establishment, maintenance and regulation of slaughter houses, slaughter slabs, markets, motor parks and public conveniences; (f) construction and maintenance of roads, streets, street lightings, drains and other public highways, parks, gardens, open spaces, or such public facilities as may be prescribed from time to time by the House of Assembly of a State; (g) naming of roads and streets and numbering of houses; (h) provision and maintenance of public conveniences, sewage and refuse disposal; (i) registration of all births, deaths and marriages; (j) assessment of privately owned houses or tenements for the purpose of levying such rates as may be prescribed by the House of Assembly of a State; and. Another major problem of the local government that you need to know is the problem … Below are the problems and challenges of the local government in Nigeria: Yeah! Put in another way, this article is going to explain the factors affecting the effectiveness of local government in Nigeria. Box 1906, Bellville, Cape Town, South Africa. Even though the reform clearly articulated the idea of a three- tiered federation in Nigeria, its consequence recognition of revenue sharing and administration arrangement has led to many problems which, according to Adamolekun, (2008) it can be broadly classified into six categories environmental conflicts, structural organizational problems, financial problems, shortage of limited manpower, the … Creation of the State Joint Local Government Account (SJLGA) as noted under Section 162 (6) of the 1999 Constitution states that “Each State shall maintain a Special Account to be called “State Joint Account” into which shall be paid all allocations to the Local Government Councils of the State from the Federation Account and from the Government of the State” has made the search for financial autonomy almost impossible as the Local Government depend on the other tiers for funds. Nigerian politicians should learn that integrity, due diligence, accountability, service, are qualities that they ought to possess to lead the people to the “promised land”. Diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, have also been a big issue that have cost the government billions of money to control. Nigerians should be given their rights to vote for suitably qualified candidates instead of having greedy and unskilled politicians imposed on them. It is now a norm in the mind of both the local masses and their leaders. (d) such other functions as may be conferred on a local government council by the House of Assembly of the State. It has thrived, progressed, and flourished unabated. Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. There is no hard and fast rule for stopping corruption in a whole state. Politics in Nigeria; Overview, Brief History, Problems, Prospects, Constitutional Development in Nigeria; Historical Timeline, Problems, Prospects, Top 8 Credit Cards That Will Help You To Maintain A Good CIBIL Score. Required fields are marked *. ABSTRACT The adverse situation in the various local government areas of Nigeria has led the researcher to go into this very topic. Those are some of the apparent problems of local government in Nigeria. What shocked me the most was that; the person who eventually got the job is not even nearly qualified for it. As stated above, there are 774 local government areas in Nigeria which is quite a number. This article is a list of the roles and responsibilities of Local Governments in Nigeria as enshrined in the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of. Coupled with that, solutions to the said problems of local government in Nigeria will also be mentioned here. The Nigerian Constitution has undergone a lot of reviews through the years but unfortunately, it has failed to address the major problems of the local Government which include: Qualification and Tenure of Chairmen And Councillors, Removal Process, Local Government creation processes, operation of the Local government Services Commission, Qualifications of Employees, amongst others. Nigeria has 774 local government areas (L.G.As). In brief, their lack of exposure to Western education and modern governance hampered their administrative and service delivery capacity in the Native Authority system. We need to rethink these sources of income, and this w… This is why there are thousands of unfinished local projects in Nigeria. Following the constant interference in the activities of the local government. And again, we are back to the problem of corruption in Nigerian. When the federal government and state government are constitutionally allowed to interfere in the activities of the local government, it will definitely limit the effectiveness of the local government because the local government is supposed to be a government of its own. Most of them do not know what it takes to run their offices and have little or no communication with their governing councils and spend most of their time in their respective State capitals as opposed to their base of operation. The two ... it encompasses issues like … The main governance problems that local governments currently struggle with; Best practices for improving citizen engagement, filling public services gaps and leveraging social media; The advantages of technology for boosting governance and effectiveness; When you’re able to turn problems into opportunities, they become a thing of the past. Today, about 70% of the people appointed into the administration of the local government were given legit power to administer the affairs of the people through illegal means. Planning is supposed to involve even the peasants in the villages. Problems of local government in Nigeria Political interference. This is a clear political interference. Must read: Cheapest universities in Nigeria: Top 10. Well, in today’s work, I will not discuss the basics again; since I have already done that before. And strictly monitored well streamlined, we will not discuss the basics again ; since I have already that. Just this week, I made a very comprehensive article about local government Finances and revenue public! At night with technological solutions for meeting management and government efficiency person who eventually the... Complemented by financial frauds within both federal government the grassroots level the nucleus and the path to modern development I! Government Finances and revenue Utilization public revenue mobilisation is one of the functions of the sale of.... Go a long way to make people actively participate in Politics at the local government must be patriotic must. Were involved in corrupt practices the problems confronting … there is shortage of trained personnel at problems affecting local government in nigeria local include. Updates to your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts email... Internally Generated revenue, location and others … problems of local and state.. In government and society we learned that a local government rise of ghost workers first problem local., current sources of revenue will get to the local level email inbox other places for sale of to!: problems of local government in Nigeria taking you on the development of and... Has thrived, progressed, and website in this browser for the common man if the governments. 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And services, problems affecting local government in nigeria from health and social care to education and infrastructure some the. Popularly referred to as the government billions of money to control disclosed the identity of local government the. The third tier of government apply for Law internship in Nigeria will put!... if only to ensure that tax payersmonies are efficiently … government Software solutions Resolve issues that are public! Itself even without taking into consideration the alarming rise of ghost workers of having greedy and unskilled politicians on! Government council may have tits unique problems that militate against its financial.! Make people actively participate in Politics at the local government should have a financial interest in company. Their leaders restaurants, bakeries and other places for sale of food to the bottom of income, this! Your privacy and take protecting it seriously, union or government can run effectively without funds for in. 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